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Recalling the National Congress of the Democratic Progressive Party

Release time: 2020-06-01: Source: Excerpts from "near Hu Lou Shi Wen Xuan".



Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, from 1950 to 1992, the Democratic Progressive Party has held seven national congresses. Apart from the General Assembly held in April 1950, from the two to the seven generation conference, I personally experienced the participation of the staff of the general assembly in taking the place of Representatives and even of course. On the occasion of the 50th anniversary Daqing conference, looking back at the past, we can see the twists and turns of the United Front situation and the growth and development of the United Front.


I joined the democratic progressive organization in May 1956. Shortly after entering the meeting, in August, DPP held the two generation congress at Xinqiao hotel. I was seconded to the general assembly and served as the group secretary of the Shanghai group. At that time, the three major transformations of socialism in China were basically completed and began to enter the socialist society. In January 1956, Premier Zhou Enlai made a report in the intelligentsia conference, pointing out that the overwhelming majority of intellectuals are part of the working class, and we should mobilize and bring into full play the power of intellectuals. In April, President Mao Zedong delivered a speech on "the ten major relations" and advocated "two lives". The Communist Party and the democratic parties should "coexist and supervise each other for a long time". The political life of the country has been characterized by active thinking, wide opening of words, unity of democracy and liveliness of politics. In the new situation, the two generation Congress was very successful from August 11th to 24. During the two Congress, all the participants attended the Huairen Hall of Zhongnanhai, where they were received by the central leaders. At that time, Chairman Mao was not in Beijing. Many central leading comrades such as Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoji and Zhu De took photos with us on the lawn outside the Huairen hall. The delegates had been waiting for a good team. Premier Zhou urged other leading comrades to take seats quickly. He said, "to take care of the masses," I have not forgotten this. I think the prime minister really cares about the masses anytime and anywhere.

Vice Premier Chen Yi delivered an important speech at the meeting. He did not use manuscripts to talk about the United Front from the situation, talked about intellectuals, talked about the role of the Democratic Progressive movement. Speaking very thoroughly, witty and brilliant, one afternoon, the delegates were greatly encouraged.

Zhou Jianlao made a work report and put forward the call of "all for socialism", and pointed out that I will gradually become a part of the working people's political party through self-improvement. The delegates opened their minds and spoke freely, focusing on the central task of correctly handling contradictions among the people, and frankly criticizing and actively advising the party and the government and their affairs. The speeches of the conference were printed in written form, as did the meetings of the CPPCC. Group discussion is more argumentative, and some opinions are very sharp. It embodies the spirit of "hundred schools of thought contending and letting a hundred flowers bloom". It is indeed a conference that fully promotes democracy. After the two generation conference, the DPP actively developed the organization, absorbed a large number of new members, and made new progress in various fields of work.

I have gained considerable experience in this conference, and I have gained a lot of understanding of the role of the United Front Policy and the progress of the people's Republic of China. At the end of the meeting, Zhou Jianlao, Wang Lao Lao (Shao Ao), Xu Bo and other leading comrades came to visit the condolences during the dinner party. Jian Lao wrote "everything for socialism" in my notebook, but he always wrote "learning, learning and learning". Comrade Bo Xin talked about encouraging everyone. This is a great honor and excitement for me as a new member.

In March of next year, I formally transferred to the Central Propaganda Department of the people's Liberation Army as full-time cadre until 1993.


The three generation of the Democratic Progressive Party was held in the western suburbs hotel from November 17, 1958 to December 9th. It was the end of the anti rightist struggle and the rectification movement within the conference. The serious expansion of the anti rightist struggle led me to a group of comrades who were wrongly assigned to the right, and the democratic parties were also classified as bourgeois political parties. That year was also the time to shout "long live the three red flag", and the transformation of democratic parties also came to a "great leap forward". The democratic parties held a sweeping rally in Tiananmen to promote self transformation and expressed their determination to the party. A parade was held after the meeting. Wang Quelao led the members of the Democratic Progressive Party to flags the flag and shouted slogans for a long journey, causing the passers-by to look around. Then the democratic parties set off a wave of enthusiasm for the party, and formulated the plan for completing the fundamental transformation within two or three years. These are the reflections of the "left" trend of thought. The report of vice president Wang Shaoao at the three Congress, though putting forward the policy of "service and transformation", emphasized that I would still be a bourgeois political party. Most of the members were bourgeois intellectuals. The political standpoint was not resolved, and we should all be convinced and speed up the fundamental transformation of rebirth.

The atmosphere of the three generation Congress was serious and dreary. The delegates were very nervous and spoke with caution. At that time, I served as a group secretary in the southwest group. I remember that two Sichuan representatives, who were the heads of the local organizations, said something that they did not think should be said at that time. They were severely criticized by some comrades in the Central Committee and later reviewed the matter. Therefore, the deputies spoke mostly in terms of speaking and speaking. After the three generation Congress, my main task is to learn and transform.


The four generation conference of the people's Republic of China is a new milestone in my history. From from October 11 to 22, 1979, at the fourth hostel of general ginseng, 280 people were represented in the table, with an average age of 64 years. This is a grand meeting held 21 years from the three generation Congress. The reunion of the delegates after the robbery was joyful, and they shared the vicissitudes and feelings. Especially in October 19th, it was an unforgettable day. At five p.m., all the participants were interviewed by dozens of Party and state leaders such as Xie Jianying, Deng Xiaoping, Li Xiannian and Deng Yingchao in the Great Hall of the people. The sight of so many older generations of proletarian revolutionaries is filled with tears and passion. After the meeting, all the delegates boarded the banquet hall to attend the grand banquet hosted by the CPPCC and the United Front Work Department of the Central Committee. Comrade Deng Xiaoping made a sincere speech and spoke highly of the democratic parties. He believed that although everyone was devastated by Lin Biao and the gang of four, he still believed that the leadership of the Party firmly followed the socialist road. This is commendable. The delegates listened with pride and excitement.

After coming to the banquet, the representatives from all over the country were excited to get to sleep at night. Some of them were singing poems and words, some were talking enthusiastically, and others called to the local organizations for good news. Ninety Comrade Wu Ruoan said, "I am very happy today. Deng also shook hands with me and said hello. The speech of vice president Deng is very cordial. I feel that the fine tradition of the United Front has returned." This is really "ten years of havoc, thousands of resentment, one evening Chinese banquet hundred old joys."

Zhou Jianlao is 91 years old. He has come to the middle of the delegates several times to take part in the group discussion with each other and improvise. He urged everyone to emancipate their minds and unite and look forward. Comrade Wu Yifang, who is over eight years old, said humorously, "we are always our leaders. We will follow you to the four modernizations." Comrade Xu Boxin made a work report to the General Assembly entitled "unite and contribute to accelerating socialist modernization". It clearly pointed out that the nature of the Democratic Progressive Party has become part of the socialist labourers and a political alliance supporting socialist patriots. It is a political force serving the socialism under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. I also determined that the focus of my work would be shifted to serve the center of socialist modernization. The General Assembly amended the Charter and produced the Sixth Central Committee. Zhou Jianlao was elected chairman of the Central Committee. Ye Shengtao, Xu Boxin, Zhao Puchu, Wu Yifang, Lei Jieqiong, Xie Bingxin, Wu Ruoan and other senior predecessors were elected vice chairmen, and Ge Zhi became secretary general, showing that the top leadership team is very strong. The energetic and happy mood of the delegates, the emancipation of their minds and the freedom to speak freely were indeed a rally to mobilize the socialist democracy and make positive contributions to the four modernizations.

After the four generation of general assembly, Comrade Bo Xin, as executive vice chairman, presided over the daily work of the Central Committee of the CPC. He devoted all his energies to the DPP. He has foresight and meticulous planning, put forward a series of concrete measures to implement the resolutions of the four generation Congress, constantly open up new areas of work, and strengthen the ideological construction and organizational construction of the plenary session so as to make the work of the Democratic Progressive party enter a new historical stage.


The five generation Congress was held in the first guest house of the State Council in from November 9 to 21, 1983. There are 420 representatives from all walks of life. There are a wide range of representativeness. Many of them are new comrades who have been joined by the four generation Congress.

The five generation Congress is a conference to mobilize the plenary session to unite and strive to create a new prospect for the work of the people's Republic of China. At that time, our country had achieved a historic great change, and after the rectification of chaos, the socialist cause was thriving. In 1982, the twelve Party issued the great call to "create a new situation of socialist modernization in an all-round way", and developed the policy of "long-term coexistence and mutual supervision" to develop into the sixteen character policy of "long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, mutual respect for each other" and "sharing weal and woe". The patriotic united front has been strengthened and developed, and the great unity of development and the vigorous development of the great unification have emerged. The five generation conference was held under such a new situation.

Comrade Lei Jieqiong made a report to the General Assembly entitled "unity and struggle, striving for self-improvement, and comprehensively creating a new situation in the work of the people's Republic of China". After the four generation Congress, the mental outlook, organizational appearance and work face of my society have changed significantly, and great achievements have been made. We emphasize that we should adhere to the four cardinal principles in the future, aspire to reform, give full play to our advantages and actively carry out our work. The delegates talked more about the socialist spiritual civilization construction and the reform and construction of the people's Republic of China.

The Seventh Central Committee was elected by the general assembly. There were 132 members of the CPC Central Committee and 22 members of the CPC Central Committee. It expanded 36 people compared with the previous session, and increased the proportion of young and middle-aged people, which reflected the spirit of new and old integration. The vice chairman of the new Central Committee elected Comrade Chen Shunli as a full-time vice president besides the original staff. At the same time, in order to strengthen collective leadership, the central executive board, composed of five standing committee members, was appointed to preside over the meeting, and Chen Shunlao was the director. In 1984, Xu Bo Lao and Zhou Jian Lao died. On the same year in the second Plenary Session of the 7th CPC Central Committee, Ye Shenglao was elected chairman of the Central Committee and elected Ge Zhicheng and Chu Zhuang as full-time vice chairmen.


The six generation conference was held at the Guyi hotel in from November 19 to 28, 1988. After the Thirteenth National Congress of the Communist Party put forward the basic socialist line, China's reform and opening up is in an important period of governance and rectification. At the meeting, comrade Lei Jieqiong made a report entitled "giving full play to Party functions, promoting comprehensive reform and contributing to building socialism with Chinese characteristics". This report sums up my past experience and puts forward six basic guiding principles. The content is relatively solid and concrete. It is the crystallization of the United Front Theory and the reality of the people's Republic of China, and is well received by the delegates. The report points out that as a political party, the main functions of the Democratic Progressive Party are political consultation, democratic supervision and participation in the administration of politics.

There were 516 delegates representing more than half of the previous conferences and half of them were young and middle-aged members under 60 years old. The party's political consciousness, democratic consciousness and self-consciousness have been greatly enhanced, and their expectations for the organization are very strong. I strongly urge that I will give full play to the functions of the political parties, strengthen their own construction, and better shoulder the important historical mission of the new era. This is also a topic for discussion.

The six generation congress elected the new Central Committee members to break through the past routines and carried out a bold reform attempt. According to the usual practice, the candidates of the Central Committee and the alternate central committee were fully deliberated before the meeting, and the democratic consultations put forward the list of candidates for equal elections in the general assembly. The central and vice chairmen were elected by the Central Committee. In this election, the Central Committee decided that the difference should be pre selected and then equal elections. After discussion among the various groups, the majority of the deputies considered that there was no need to take two steps to complete the election. The presidium of the General Assembly accepted the representative's opinions, and elected 173 members of the CPC Central Committee and 22 members of the Central Committee by secret ballot. Quite a few of them are young and middle-aged comrades, and have taken a big step in realizing the younger generation of leadership.

Some representatives of the conference also suggested that the vice chairman should be directly elected by the general assembly. Besides the original candidates, the delegates of the conference could also propose new candidates that would show democracy better. This proposal is highly controversial in the discussions between the Presidium and the various groups. At that time, I was the Deputy Secretary General of the general assembly. I remember that the presidium held 6 meetings in a row to discuss this issue. Finally, the Bureau passed the representative's proposal with a small majority through secret ballot and increased the two new vice presidential candidates proposed by the representative. On the last day of the conference, the central chairman and vice chairman were directly elected by equal election. The chairman is still Lei Jieqiong. The vice chairmen are Zhao Puchu, Chen Shunli, Ge Zhicheng, Chu Zhuang, Ye Zhishan, Mei Xiangming, Chen Xiao Xian, Mei Xiangming and Yu. Several of them are young and well known newcomers, reflecting the gradual younger leadership of the central leadership. Adapted to the requirements of the times.

The six generation Congress also elected Xie Bingxin, a renowned Chinese and foreign respected and honorable comrade, as honorary chairman. At the same time, the second Central Committee of the Council was established as an honorary advisory body with a total of 59 members. Another group of veteran comrades retired from the Central Committee and became members of the Council. The chairman of the Central Committee is Zhao Puchu, who is also vice president. Wu Ruoan, Zhang Mingyang, Ke Ling, Dong Chuncai, Pan Chengxiao, Mei Dajun and so on are vice chairmen.


From December 11, 1992 to L7, the seven generation conference was held in twenty-first Century. Two months ago, the CPC Central Committee convened the Fourteenth National Congress of the CPC, and decided to take Comrade Deng Xiaoping's theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics as the guide and adhere to the basic line of "one center and two basic points" for one hundred years, and put forward the establishment of a socialist market economic system. We need to further emancipate our minds, seek truth from facts, seize the opportunity, accelerate the pace of reform and opening up, and concentrate our efforts. Economic construction is going to win new victories. The seven generation Congress carried out the spirit of the 14th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. In chairman Lei Jieqiong's work report, he stressed the importance of adhering to and improving the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party. At the same time, we should further strengthen our own construction and improve the overall quality of our society.

The delegates thought that since the establishment of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the core, the United Front has been paid more attention, and its work has become increasingly active. The channels for democratic parties to participate in politics and politics have been broadened. I will participate in the consultations and decisions of major national policies and major issues, with more opportunities and more frequent activities, and have formed regular and institutionalized consultative supervision. Therefore, I will be more responsible and have more practical things to do better.

A total of 528 delegates attended the seven generation conference, representing a slight increase compared with the six generation conference. The general assembly has made more amendments to the Constitution and restored the method of equal election. 159 members of the CPC Central Committee and 9 members of the Central Committee were selected to form the ninth Central Committee, with an average age of 59 years. The newly appointed young Central Committee accounted for 22%, and stepped forward in the alternation of new and old cooperation. The seven generation congress elected Zhao Pulao as honorary chairman. The new Central Committee also elected Comrade Xu Jialu as vice chairman. The third session of the Central Committee of the Council also expanded. The chairman is still in charge of Zhao Pulao. The two vice chairmen of Wu Ruoan and Zhang Mingyang have passed away and elected Wang Hongzhen and Fang Ming as vice chairmen. The seven generation conference is a united, stable, realistic and progressive conference.

On the whole, the National Congress of the people's Republic of China (DPP) has achieved important results and achieved results in different times. This is achieved by the correct leadership and care of the CPC Central Committee. Therefore, faithfully accepting the leadership of the Communist Party of China is the fundamental guarantee for the continuous growth, development and prosperity of the people's Republic of China.

Author: Mao Qibin       Editor in chief: Zhang Ge
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