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Five key issues in precision poverty alleviation need attention

Release time: 2020-01-08 source: Learning times

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The the fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee communiqu of the party put forward: "resolutely win the battle against poverty and establish a long-term mechanism to solve relative poverty". Though solving the problem of absolute poverty, the central government has also paid attention to the marginal population on the poverty line many times. But "solving relative poverty" is the first time that the party has mentioned it in the communiqu of the central plenary session for the first time since the eighteen big party. At present, tackling poverty has already reached a critical moment of comprehensive ending. In the face of the new situation and new tasks of tackling poverty alleviation, we should focus on the following key issues.

Integration of social resources and policy synergy. Poverty alleviation requires the participation of government, market and social forces, and should be coordinated in policy. At present, some government departments, enterprises, institutions and social organizations have joined the ranks of poverty alleviation, but most of them are mainly condolences and condolences, lack of resources integration and unified coordination of policies, so it is difficult to form a system and exert their resultant force. To achieve resource integration and policy coordination, social organizations, private enterprises and individuals are actively participating in the provision of funds, technology and employment channels for poor households. To help poor villages and poor families get rid of poverty, they should not just shout slogans and behave like they are. They should help themselves to the point. At the same time, the government should provide preferential policies to these social organizations, private enterprises and individuals, such as reducing tax-free fees and so on. Secondly, the government should encourage some large state-owned enterprises to package villages and households to enhance the sense of responsibility of social forces. In this way, the integration of social resources and precision poverty alleviation policies should be coordinated. Finally, we should actively encourage other social forces to take effective measures to help them. We should not face the precise poverty alleviation with the mentality of "completing the task", but really help the poor, so that the poor families can really get rid of poverty and do not return to poverty.

Adapting to the structural change of the poor families. In reality, the impoverishment of the aged population and the aging of the poor population are a big social problem. With the improvement of the medical insurance level, the number of the elderly population will be more and more, and the aging problem of the poor will also become more and more prominent. First of all, whether in the city or in the countryside, whether home care or institution endowment, they need certain economic foundation to help the poor elderly to get rid of poverty. It is an important task. Secondly, the two child policy released in recent years will help alleviate the problem of population aging, but it will bring new challenges to the poverty relief work for the poor families with two children. The poor statistics show that the more the patients and the more disabled people are, the lower the family income is, the more difficult it is to get rid of poverty. To this end, we need to strengthen the social security for the elderly in the rural areas, improve the infrastructure conditions of the basic nursing homes, raise the standard of old-age allowance, protect the medical services of the disabled, the sick and the sick, provide serious illness insurance, increase the reimbursement ratio, actively develop the combination of medical treatment and rural health, give some reward to the poor families with two children, provide nursery services, and help them get rid of poverty at an early date.

Poverty alleviation and support for vulnerable groups. General secretary Xi Jinping stressed that poverty alleviation and wisdom should be more ambitious. Most of the poor are poor in ability. We should fully mobilize the enthusiasm and initiative of the poor people, improve their ability to shake off poverty, enhance their aspirations to shake off poverty, and rely on the precise poverty alleviation policy of the state to change their fortunes by their own efforts. In line with the idea of combining poverty alleviation with support for the vulnerable groups, we should start from the following aspects: first, we must vigorously develop the cause of education. We should increase investment in education in poor areas, improve the conditions for running schools in poor areas, improve the treatment of primary and secondary school teachers in poor areas, optimize the learning environment of children from poor families, and ensure that children of poor families do not quit school through helping cadres to help them. Two, we should actively develop health services. We should improve the rural public health system, expand the service items of township hospitals and village clinics, improve the medical level in poor areas, and strengthen the promotion of new rural cooperative medical care in poverty-stricken areas, so as to ensure the protection of the poor, and improve the ability of poor households to resist risks, prevent poverty due to illness and return to poverty due to illness. Three, we must constantly improve the agricultural technology service system. We should improve the construction of agricultural technology teams, strengthen the training of agricultural technology for poor households, provide agricultural technology services, and improve the efficiency of agricultural production for poor households.

How to establish and improve the dynamic adjustment of poverty alleviation system. The poverty alleviation assessment system is an important link in achieving accurate poverty eradication. It implements a household account, a poverty relief plan and a set of supporting measures for poor households. According to the actual situation of the poverty alleviation target, we should dynamically adjust the supporting measures to help the poor, so that the stable poverty alleviation villages and the poor households will be withdrawn in time, so that the new poverty alleviation villages and the poor households will be included in time, so that the poor households in the archives will be able to get in and out. We should use the Internet to improve the dynamic adjustment mechanism and assessment mechanism of precision poverty alleviation indicators. We should combine the "bottom-up" approach, first declare and re examine, implement dynamic entry and exit, adjust from once a year to half a year. In the face of the sudden poverty population, the identified poor circles will be brought into the new poor population in time, and a social capital raising channel can be established. A special fund for poverty alleviation, which is mobile and sudden, will reserve part of the funds for the motorized poor population. In order to help the poor in time, we should help the needy population according to the actual social and economic level of the poor. In order to prevent the appropriation and interception of the special funds, all funds should be supervised online, updated dynamically, and directly allocated to the poverty alleviation projects and the poor.

How to focus on reducing the burden at the grass-roots level and paying attention to helping the actual effect. In the field of precise poverty alleviation, we should lay a solid foundation for "real" words. We should clarify the scale and boundary of responsibilities and responsibilities, reduce unnecessary examination, assessment and accountability, and help grassroots cadres in assisting cadres to completely liberate themselves from the "filling in forms", "writing summary reports" and "leaving traces of photographs", so that grass-roots cadres can concentrate their time and energy on serving the needy masses, and do less in dealing with inspections, and really burden the grassroots. We must emphasize the importance of efficiency. To reduce the burden on the grass-roots level, we should grasp the actual effect, we must use the Internet information technology to achieve the precise poverty alleviation and accurate poverty alleviation process reengineering. We should straighten out the relationship between the poverty alleviation process and the effectiveness of poverty alleviation. The process is a process of helping rather than looking at the material process. 2020 is the critical moment to achieve a comprehensive poverty alleviation. This is the solemn commitment of the party to the whole nation. The current government at the grassroots level and the poverty alleviation department at the grass-roots level are under great pressure, and we need to work hard to solve the problem of reducing the burden at the grass-roots level and paying attention to the actual effect of support, so as to achieve the ultimate goal of comprehensively eliminating poverty.

Author: Zhang Yizhou       Editor: Administrator
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