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Upholding, improving and developing the socialist national system and legal system with Chinese characteristics

Release time: 2019-12-03 source: Seeking truth 2019/23

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In a few days, we will usher in the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. Today, the Central Politburo collectively studies with the theme of "the formation and development of the new China's state system and legal system". The purpose is to review the course of the party's leadership in promoting the construction of the state system and legal system in the past 70 years since the founding of new China, and to sum up its achievements and experience, to strengthen its confidence in road, self-confidence in theory, self-confidence in system and cultural self-confidence, and continue to develop correctly along the party and people. Road ahead.

The Central Political Bureau decided to convene the party's the fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee in October this year. It focuses on studying and upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. This collective study helps us to think deeply about this problem.

The ancients said: "through the state, the people are their system." It means to control the country and make the people safe and orderly. In the past 70 years since the founding of new China, our party has led the people to continuously explore and practice and gradually form a socialist national system and legal system with Chinese characteristics, providing fundamental guarantee for the development and progress of contemporary China, and also providing important experience for promoting the construction of state system and legal system in the new era.

   First, the socialist state system and legal system with Chinese characteristics are formed in the long-term practice and exploration, and a great creation in the history of human system civilization. The establishment of what kind of state system is a historical topic faced by the Chinese people since modern times. After the Opium War, the feudal autocratic system that lasted for more than 2000 years has been rotten and unable to cope with the increasingly serious political crisis and national crisis. Numerous people with lofty ideals have made great efforts to seek the way to change the future and destiny of the Chinese nation. They have gone through repeated explorations from the technical level, the social revolution level, the industrial level to the institutional level and the cultural level, and tried all kinds of institutional models, such as constitutional monarchy, parliamentary system, multi-party system and presidential system, but all of them ended in failure.

Since the founding of our party, we have been committed to building a new society where the people are masters of the country. They have put forward the idea of the future state system and led the people to fight for it. During the agrarian revolution, our Party established the Soviet Republic of China in the Central Soviet Area of Jiangxi, and began to explore the construction of national system and legal system. During the war of resistance against Japan, our Party established an anti Japanese democratic regime with Yanan as its center and the Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia border region as its representative. It established the border government and established the legislative, administrative and judicial organs at all levels in accordance with the principle of "33 systems".

After the founding of new China, our Party creatively applied the Marx doctrine of state theory, made unremitting efforts to build a socialist state system, and gradually established and consolidated our country's state system, political system, fundamental political system, basic political system, basic economic system and all aspects of the important system. The socialist legal system is also improving.

Since the eighteen Party's Congress, we have pushed ahead with the overall deepening of reform, improved the party's leadership system and mechanism, strengthened the building of the people's own ownership system, completed some amendments to the constitution, promoted the extensive and systematic development of socialist consultative democracy, deepened the reform of the party and state organs, deepened the reform of the economic system, deepened the comprehensive reform of the judicial system, and deepened the reform of the ecological civilization system. Deepening the reform of national defense and the army, establishing the state supervision system, and gradually improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and improving the rule of law system with Chinese characteristics. It has played a major role in promoting historic achievements and historic changes in the cause of the party and the state.

Practice has proved that our party has combined the basic principles of Marxism with the concrete realities of China and established a new national system guaranteeing that millions of people are masters of the country in the ancient oriental powers, making the socialist system with Chinese characteristics become a system with significant superiority and strong vitality, and ensuring that China has created a miracle of rapid economic development and long-term social stability, as well as Marx. It provides a new choice for developing countries to modernize, and contributes to China's wisdom and China's plan for the exploration and construction of a better social system.

   Second, the socialist system of state and legal system with Chinese characteristics is a scientific system that has been proved by practice and has obvious advantages. The socialist national system and legal system with Chinese characteristics is rooted in the deep historical and cultural tradition accumulated by the Chinese nation in its 5000 years of civilization history, and it has drawn lessons from the beneficial results of the human system civilization and has been tested for a long time.

At the beginning of the founding of new China, comrade Mao Zedong said with confidence: "all facts prove that our system of people's democratic dictatorship has a great advantage over the political system of capitalist countries. On the basis of such a system, our people can exert their inexhaustible power. This force can not be defeated by any enemy. " In the early days of reform and opening up, comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: "our party and people have struggled for many years and established a socialist system. Although the system is imperfect and damaged, in any case, the socialist system is much better than the capitalist system of the jungle. Our system will be perfected day by day, and it will absorb the progressive factors that we can absorb from all over the world and become the best system in the world. This is absolutely impossible for capitalism. "

The socialist national system and legal system with Chinese characteristics show great advantages in practice. The following aspects are most important. First, we must uphold the leadership of the party. In the past 70 years, it is precisely because of the party's leadership that we should concentrate our efforts on matters of great importance, national unity, effective organization of various undertakings and all kinds of work. Only in this way can we successfully deal with a series of major risks and challenges, overcome numerous difficulties and obstacles, and steadily advance along the right direction. The two is to ensure that the people have the advantage of being masters of the country. The name of our country, the name of our state organs at all levels, is named "the people", which is the basic position of our country's socialist state power. China's national system is deeply rooted among the people. It can effectively reflect the will of the people, safeguard the rights and interests of the people, and stimulate the creativity of the people. Three, we must uphold the advantages of running the country according to law. Adhering to the rule of law and upholding the rule of law, the rule of law and the rule of law society, it has played an important role in liberating and enhancing social vitality, promoting social fairness and justice, maintaining social harmony and stability and ensuring the long-term stability of the party and the country. The four is the advantage of democratic centralism. Democratic centralism is the basic principle of our country's organizational form and mode of activity. It is also a prominent feature of China's national system. Under the leadership of the party, the state organs are a unified whole, with reasonable division of labor and close cooperation. They not only fully develop democracy, but also effectively carry out centralization, overcome the bad phenomena of not being able to decide and decide what to do, but not doing so.

Judging whether a social system is scientific or advanced depends mainly on whether it is in line with the national conditions, whether it is effective or not, and whether it is supported by the people. The socialist national system and legal system with Chinese characteristics is a set of effective, effective and effective system.

The world is facing a great change in the past hundred years. The competition between countries is increasingly fierce. In the final analysis, it is the competition of the state system. China's development has shown a "good side of the scenery" situation, which is very important because our country's national system and legal system have obvious superiority and strong vitality. This is a basic basis for us to strengthen the "four confidence".

   Third, the socialist national system and legal system with Chinese characteristics should be persisted and implemented well, and we need to constantly improve and develop it. As early as in 1949, comrade Mao Zedong said: "the twenty-eight years of the Chinese Communist Party, plus twenty-nine years and thirty years and two years, completed the national revolutionary task. This is the foundation for shoveling the land, and it took thirty years. But it takes decades to build a house. In 1992, comrade Deng Xiaoping once pointed out: "I am afraid that in another thirty years, we will form a more mature and more stereotyped system in all aspects." In the nineteen major reports of the Communist Party of China, I put forward the strategic arrangement arranged in two stages from 2020 to the middle of this century. The goal of the system construction is: by 2035, "all aspects of the system will be more perfect, and the modernization of the national governance system and governance capability will basically be realized". By the middle of this century, "realizing the modernization of the state governance system and governance capability".

Under the premise of persisting in consolidating and consolidating the fundamental system, basic system and important system that have been established and tested by practice, we must continue to strengthen institutional innovation, accelerate the establishment and perfection of the system of urgent need for national governance and satisfy the necessary system of people's daily life and good life needs. We should sum up the good practices and practices in practice, and mature experience and practices can be upgraded to system and into law. We should actively absorb and draw lessons from the beneficial results of the civilization of human system, but we must never waver or abandon the foundation of our system.

"It is wrong to have good laws and good intentions, but not for others." The vitality of the system lies in its implementation. Now, some people lack awe of the system, do not act according to the system, or even change the system at will. Some people do everything possible to drill loopholes in the system and to hit the edge ball. Some people dare not want to comply with the system, and try to evade the restriction and supervision of the system. We must strengthen the executive power of the system, strengthen the supervision over the implementation of the system, and effectively transform the advantages of our system into governance efficiency. Party committees, governments and leading cadres at all levels should enhance institutional awareness and be good at promoting various undertakings on the track of the system. The majority of Party members and cadres should set an example for the implementation of the system, leading the whole society to enhance institutional awareness and consciously maintain the authority of the system.

We should strengthen the theoretical research on the socialist state system and legal system with Chinese characteristics, summarize the successful experience of China's system construction in the past 70 years, and construct the academic system, theoretical system and discourse system of China's system building theory, so as to provide theoretical support for strengthening institutional self-confidence. We should strengthen the publicity and education of the system, especially the system education for youngsters, and guide people to fully understand that we have gone out of the road to success in building a socialist system with Chinese characteristics. As long as we continue to move along this road, we will be able to realize the modernization of our national governance system and governance capacity. We should combine the 70th Anniversary Series celebrations of the founding of new China, tell the story of the Chinese system, expand the influence and appeal of the Chinese system, and enhance the international community's understanding and recognition of our system.

This is general secretary Xi Jinping's speech at the seventeenth collective learning of the nineteen Central Political Bureau in September 24, 2019.

Author: Xi Jinping       Editor: Administrator
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