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Upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity

Release time: 2020-01-08 source: Seeking truth 2020/01

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This plenary session heard the report of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, analyzed the current situation and tasks, and deliberated and adopted the decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on some important issues concerning upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the state governance system and Governance capacity.

Upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the state governance system and governance capacity is a major issue that concerns the prosperity of the party and the state, the long-term stability of the country, and the well-being of the people. The Central Committee decided to carry out research and deployment on this major issue with a plenary session. It is a major policy decision from the political, overall and strategic considerations, based on the current and long-term vision. The decision passed by this plenary session answered comprehensively what major political issues should be upholding and consolidating in our national system and state governance system. It is a programmatic document of Marx doctrine and a political manifesto of Marx doctrine. The whole party should integrate ideas and actions into the spirit of the plenary session, and lay stress on learning and implementing the spirit of the plenary session as an important political task.

Now, on behalf of the Central Political Bureau, I would like to make a few comments on the spirit of learning and implementing the plenary session.

  First, strengthen the self-confidence of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

The ancients said, "every country must establish its own system." Institutional advantage is the greatest advantage of a country, and institutional competition is the most fundamental competition among nations. The stability of the system is the stability of the country. In the past 70 years since the founding of new China, the Chinese nation has been able to usher in a great leap from standing up to becoming stronger. The most fundamental reason is that the Party led the people to establish and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and formed and developed the party's leadership and economic, political, cultural, social, ecological civilization, military, foreign affairs and other aspects of the system, and constantly strengthened and improved the state governance. Li.

What kind of state system and state governance system a country chooses is determined by its historical culture, social nature and economic development level. The socialist system and state governance system with Chinese characteristics are not falling from the sky but growing up in the social soil of China. It is formed through the long-term practice of revolution, construction and reform, and is the product of the integration of Marx's basic principles with the concrete practice of China. It is a result of the unification of theoretical innovation, practical innovation and institutional innovation, and condenses the party and the people. Wisdom has profound historical logic, theoretical logic and practical logic.

First, the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the state governance system have profound historical details. In the thousands of years of historical evolution, the Chinese nation has created brilliant ancient civilizations, forming rich thoughts about the state system and state governance, including the road trip, the ideal of the world for the common people, the six contract winds, the unification tradition of all the four seas, the rule of virtue and punishment, the rule of virtue by the Dehua people, the people and the light of the people, the people's thought of governing the people, and so on. The concept of equality, which is deficient in surplus and insufficient compensation, is not equal to the noble pursuit of justice. It is the moral integrity of Xiao Chunobu, his moral integrity, his sense of integrity, his merit in selecting talents and talents, the reform spirit of his old state and his reformist life, the diplomatic way of friendship, good neighbour, and harmony, and the concept of peace, which is harmonious and valuable, and the war will perish. The essence of these thoughts is an important part of Chinese excellent traditional culture and an important part of the spirit of the Chinese nation. After the introduction of Marx doctrine into China, the idea of scientific socialism was warmly welcomed by the Chinese people, and finally rooted in the Chinese land and blossom and blossom. It is by no means accidental. It is integrated with the excellent history and culture of thousands of years and people's daily values. Marx had a keen observation on the revolutionary slogans with socialist factors proposed in ancient Chinese peasant uprising. He said, "China's socialism in European socialism may be just like Chinese philosophy and Hagel's philosophy".

China has been in the leading position for a long time in the history of human development. Since ancient times, a set of national system and national governance system, including the court system, the county system, the land system, the tax system, the imperial examination system, the monitoring system, the military system and so on, have been formed and studied and imitated for the neighboring countries and nationalities. After entering the modern era, the feudal rule was decadent and incompetent. Imperialist powers invaded and led to China becoming a semi colonial and semi feudal society. The autocratic monarchy system that ruled China for thousands of years was in total crisis. Faced with the increasingly serious political crisis and national crisis, numerous people of lofty ideals began to explore new national system and national governance system in order to change China's future and destiny. They tried various constitutional models, such as constitutional monarchy, parliamentary system, multi-party system and presidential system, but all of them ended in failure.

Only after the founding of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese people and the Chinese nation have found the right way to realize national independence, people's liberation, national prosperity, and people's happiness. During the new democratic revolution, our Party United and led the people to create the people's political power in the base area, and explored the establishment of a new democratic economic, political and cultural system, which has accumulated valuable experience for the establishment of a new type of state system of the people's Republic of China. After capturing the national power, our Party United and led the people to draw up the "common program" and the 1954 Constitution, and established the form of state, government and state, and established the system of state power organization. Our party then united and led the people in socialist transformation, established the basic system of socialism, succeeded in realizing the most profound and greatest social transformation in Chinese history, and laid the fundamental political premise and institutional foundation for all development and progress in contemporary China. Since the reform and opening up, our party has united and led the people to create socialism with Chinese characteristics, constantly improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system, so that contemporary China can shine an unprecedented vitality and vitality.

To sum up, the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the system of state governance are guided by Marx doctrine, rooted in the land of China, with the foundation of deep Chinese culture and the system and governance system that the people support. It is the fundamental achievement of the party and the people in the long struggle, the relay exploration, the thousands of Xin Wanku, and the great cost. We must cherish and remain unchanged. Shake the stick and keep pace with the times.

Second, the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system have many distinct advantages. The plenary system summarizes the achievements and significant advantages of China's national system and state governance system. The purpose is to promote the confidence of the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups, and to give full play to the significant advantages of our national system and national governance system. Maintaining and enhancing these advantages over the long term is the direction of our efforts to uphold and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics in the new era and to promote the modernization of our national governance system and governance capacity.

To see whether a system is good or not, it should be judged and grasped politically and in a big way. Comrade Deng Xiaoping said in the reform of the party and state leadership system in 1980, "our socialist modernization drive is to catch up with the developed capitalist countries economically, to create more democratic democracy in the political arena than to the capitalist countries, and to create more and more talented people than these countries". Well, perfect imperfection must be tested with the help of these three points. In 2014, when I celebrated the 60th anniversary session of the National People's Congress, I also said: "to evaluate whether a country's political system is democratic and effective, mainly depends on whether the national leadership can be changed orderly according to law, whether all the people can manage state affairs and social affairs, manage economic and cultural undertakings in accordance with the law, whether the masses can express their interests and demands freely, and all aspects of society. Whether we can effectively participate in the national political life, whether the national decision-making can be scientific and democratic, and whether all the people can enter the national leadership and management system through fair competition, can the ruling party realize the leadership of state affairs in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and law, and whether the use of power can be effectively restricted and supervised?

It is very important for our country's national system and national governance system to have many obvious advantages. It is important for our party to combine the basic principles of Marx doctrine with the concrete realities of China in the long-term practice and exploration, to integrate the correct path, develop scientific theories and build effective systems, and develop it with the Sinicization of Marx doctrine. Marx doctrine guides the construction of state system and national governance system, and constantly deepens the understanding of the Communist Party's rule of law, the law of socialist construction and the law of human social development, and transforms the successful practical experience into institutional results in a timely manner, so that our national system and state governance system not only embodies the basic principles of scientific socialism, but also has distinct Chinese characteristics and national characteristics. Color and characteristics of the times.

Always representing the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people, ensuring that the people are masters of the country, reflecting the common will of the people and safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of the people are the essential attributes of China's state system and state governance system, and also the fundamental reason for the effective operation and full viability of our national system and national governance system. China's national system and state governance system always focus on achieving, maintaining, developing the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people, making efforts to protect and improve people's livelihood, making the reform and development more fruitful and fairer and benefit all the people, thus effectively avoiding the phenomenon of partisanship, interest groups' partiality, and the manipulation of a few political elites.

We never exclude any experience of national governance that is conducive to China's development and progress. Instead, we stick to the principle of "giving priority to what I do" and "using it for our needs" and eliminating the dross and taking the essence. For example, during the period of socialist construction, China's state system and state governance system absorbed and absorbed many useful experiences of the Soviet Union. Since the beginning of reform and opening up, we have been opening wider to the outside world, integrating the socialist system and the market economy, giving full play to the decisive role of the market in the allocation of resources, giving play to the role of the government better, greatly liberating and developing the social productive forces, and greatly liberating and enhancing the vitality of the society.

One major difference between scientific socialism and utopian socialism is that it is not a rigid dogma, but a process of continuous improvement and development. After the end of the "Cultural Revolution", comrade Deng Xiaoping said, "our party and people have fought for many years and established a socialist system. Although the system is imperfect and damaged, in any case, the socialist system is much better than the capitalist system of the jungle. Our system will be perfected day by day, and it will absorb the progressive factors that we can absorb from all over the world and become the best system in the world. This is absolutely impossible for capitalism. " More than 40 years of reform and opening up have effectively promoted the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the system of state governance in the process of abolishing the drawbacks of institutional mechanisms. In particular, since the eighteen big party, we have comprehensively deepened reform, fully demonstrating the strong self-improvement ability of our national system and national governance system. It can be expected that with the deepening of the reform in depth, China's national system and national governance system will win greater comparative advantages in international competition and show more vigorous vitality.

Third, the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the state governance system are rich in practical results. "Listening to words is better than watching things." China's national system and national governance system are not effective and effective. Practice is the best touchstone. In the past 70 years since the founding of new China, our party has led the people to create two rare wonders of the world. First, the miracle of rapid economic development. China has made great strides in catching up with the times, and has gone through the industrialization process of several hundred years passed by the developed countries. It has jumped to the second largest economy in the world. The comprehensive national strength, scientific and technological strength, national defense strength, cultural influence and international influence have been significantly improved, people's lives have improved remarkably, and the Chinese nation has stood in the east of the world with a brand-new attitude. The two is the miracle of social long-term stability. Our country has maintained social harmony and stability for a long time, and people live and work in peace and contentment. It has become one of the most secure countries recognized by the international community. It can be said that in the history of human civilization development, except for the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the state governance system, no national system and state governance system can create such a miracle of rapid economic development and long-term social stability in such a short historical period.

We should persist in consolidating and consolidating our country's national system and state governance system through long-term practice. We should also improve and develop our national system and national governance system, and constantly transform our system superiority into national governance efficiency.

I have repeatedly said that shoes do not fit properly, only the wearer knows. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is good or bad. The Chinese people are most clear and have the right to speak. We must be determined and independent in this important political issue. We must never lose our position and make a mess of ourselves. All Party members, especially leading cadres at all levels, should be politically aware. It is important to strengthen the confidence of socialist road with Chinese characteristics, self-confidence in theory, self-confidence in system and confidence in culture at any time and in any circumstances.

   Two, grasp the spirit of the plenary session and implement it.

The plenary session has made comprehensive arrangements for adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the state governance system and governance capacity, and putting forward clear requirements. We must plan scientifically, organize meticulously, integrate closely and push forward in an all-round way, and ensure that the objectives and tasks set by the plenary meeting are fully implemented. We must do 3 things well. First, stick to and consolidate, two is improvement and development, three is compliance and implementation.

First, unswervingly uphold and consolidate the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a strict and complete scientific system. The four pillars and eight pillars play the role of the fundamental system, the basic system and the important system, and the leading system is the party's leading position. The party's leadership system is China's fundamental leadership system. Since the eighteen Party Congress, we have clearly put forward that "the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China. The greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the party is the highest political leader." The plenary stressed that "we must uphold the party, the army, the people, and the East, the west, the north and the south. The party is the leader in everything, resolutely upholding the authority of the Central Committee of the party, improving the leadership system of the party that takes the overall situation into consideration and coordinates all sides, and implements the leadership of the party in every aspect of every aspect of national governance." This is the most valuable experience that the party leads the people in carrying out revolution, construction and reform. We must push forward all aspects of system building, promote the development of various undertakings, strengthen and improve all aspects of work. We must uphold the leadership of the party and conscientiously implement the basic requirements of the party in taking the overall situation and coordinating all sides.

This plenary session summed up practical experience and made some new generalizations on the basis of our party's already clear basic system, basic system and important system. For example, the basic economic system of socialism was identified as "public ownership as the main body, the development of multiple ownership economy as a common development, distribution according to work as the main body, various distribution modes coexist, and socialist market economic system" as the society. The basic economic system of Marxism clearly put forward the basic system of adhering to the guiding position of Marx in the ideological field, the system of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics, the socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics, the system of flourishing and developing the advanced socialist culture, the overall livelihood guarantee system of urban and rural areas, the social governance system, and the system of ecological civilization. The party and the party further expounded on the absolute leadership system of the people's army, the "one country, two systems" system, the party and state supervision system, etc.

The fundamental system, basic system and important system of socialism with Chinese characteristics are institutional arrangements for all aspects of the party and the state. Whether we are formulating development plans, promoting the construction of the rule of law, formulating policies and measures, or deploying various tasks, we must follow these systems. We say that leading cadres, especially senior cadres, should enhance their political sensitivity and political discrimination and enhance their political capabilities. It is important to insist on these systems unswervingly. The issue of directivity must be guided by these systems. There must be a clear-cut stand and a firm position in the institutional level. The key of the party committees at all levels to play the role of leadership and control is to see whether the local authorities, departments and units under the leadership have implemented and implemented these systems in various work. In fact, there is no problem in the direction of implementation and implementation, and there will be no political problem.

Second, advance with the times and improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and national governance system. "All things are made by their own, and they are all accomplished by their ways." With the entry of socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era, China's development is in a new historical position. The main contradiction of our society has been transformed into the contradiction between the growing needs of the people's life and the unbalanced development. China's national governance is faced with many new tasks and new requirements, and it is bound to require the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the state governance system to be more perfect and continuous. Development.

It is a dynamic process that the system is more mature and more stereotyped. Modernization of governance capability is also a dynamic process. It can not be accomplished overnight, nor can it be once and for all. The goal of our national system and national governance system must keep pace with the times, and we should not be too idealistic, eager for success, nor blindly complacent.

In the Song Zhi theory, Su Shi said in Song Dynasty, "it is difficult to make a picture and it is far away from it." It means to pursue the most ambitious goals in the hardest part. Many of the goals and tasks put forward by this plenary session are blank and weak points in the construction of China's national system and national governance system. In the actual work, we must emphasize and uphold and improve the fundamental system, basic system and important system to support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, lay stress on strengthening the foundation, strengthening advantages, reinforcing weaknesses and strengthening weaknesses, and building a complete, scientific, standardized and effective system.

To carry out the spirit of the plenary session, we must closely combine all the reform tasks that have been carried out to form an effective working mechanism that is integrated and integrated. It is necessary to check the completion of the reform tasks before finishing the work. We have to consolidate and deepen the work that has been completed, and continue to push ahead with the tasks that have not yet been completed. We should also put the task of the plenary meeting into the working schedule in a timely manner so as to achieve organic cohesion and coherence so as to ensure a solid result.

Party committees at all levels (Party groups) should, under the unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, closely integrate the actual conditions of their own departments in the region, promote system innovation and governance capacity building, and study and deploy the necessary system of the Party Central Committee's clear national governance system and satisfy people's expectations for a better life. We should encourage grass-roots level to boldly innovate and boldly explore, promptly summarize and refine the effective governance concepts, ways of governance and means of governance created by the grass-roots units, and constantly promote the improvement and development of all aspects of the system. It needs to be emphasized that institutional innovation and governance capacity building in all regions and departments should take the initiative and follow the unified arrangements of the Central Committee of the CPC and the provisions of the state's legal system. We must not fail to make regulations. We must abide by the rules and act in a careless way. The key is to implement the objectives and tasks set by the plenary session.

Third, strictly abide by and implement the system. The vitality of the system lies in its implementation. Some people lack respect for the system, do not act according to the system, or even change the system at will. Some people do everything possible to drill loopholes in the system and to hit the edge ball. Some people dare not want to comply with the system, or even try to evade the supervision of the system. Therefore, we must strengthen the executive power of the system and strengthen the supervision over the implementation of the system.

Party committees and governments at all levels and leading cadres at all levels should conscientiously strengthen institutional awareness, take the lead in maintaining the authority of the system and make an example of the implementation of the system. Ensure that the major decision-making and major work arrangements of the party and the state are carried out in accordance with the requirements of the system, and effectively prevent the occurrence of problems such as self governance, different standards, wide and strict degrees, and give full play to the direction and normative behavior of the system. It plays an important role in improving efficiency, maintaining stability, and preventing and eliminating risks. It is necessary to build a system of supervision over the implementation of the full coverage of the system, and carry out the whole process of system implementation and supervision through regional governance, sector governance, industrial governance, grassroots governance and unit governance, and resolutely put an end to the phenomenon of choice, flexibility and discounting in the implementation of the system. We must seriously investigate and punish acts that are not allowed to be allowed, prohibit, and act in a completely negative manner, so as to ensure that the system is always effective and effective everywhere. We should take the improvement of governance capacity as a major task in the building of a new era of cadres, and guide the cadres to improve their ability to start their own businesses, strictly carry out their duties, exercise their powers and carry out their work in strict accordance with the system.

Party organizations at all levels, especially the propaganda departments of the party committees, should organize publicity and education on the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and guide the whole Party and the whole society to fully understand the essential characteristics and advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. Fully understand that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system have been hard won and must be treasured. The state system and the state governance system must adhere to the national conditions and proceed from reality. We should not only grasp the historical heritage that has been formed for a long time, but also grasp the road, accumulated experience and principles of the party and the people in our country's national system construction and national governance, so we can not copy the model of other countries' system. Self confidence education should be carried through the whole process of national education, and the seeds of self-confidence of the system should be planted into the hearts of young people. We should actively innovate the discourse system, enhance the ability of communication, and face the story of China's system at home and abroad, and constantly enhance the persuasiveness and Inspiration of our national system and national governance system.

Party committees at all levels (Party groups) should carefully organize the spirit of the plenary session according to the deployment of the Central Committee of the party, and do a good job in classifying and publicizing education to the broad masses of cadres and cadres to ensure that the spirit of the plenary session is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. We should strengthen supervision and inspection of the implementation of the spirit of the plenary session. The central authorities should promptly grasp the progress of relevant work in various regions and departments and report to the Party Central Committee in due course. We should pay attention to summing up the good practices and experiences of various departments and departments in carrying out the spirit of the plenary session. The Central Committee for deep reform should co-ordinate the implementation of all the reform tasks of this plenary meeting.

Comrades! Adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the state governance system and governance capacity is both a long-term strategic task and a major practical issue. We need to enhance our sense of political responsibility and sense of historical mission, strengthen our confidence, maintain our strength, forge ahead, innovate and accomplish the tasks identified in this plenary meeting, so as to realize the "two one hundred years". A strong guarantee for China's dream of achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is provided.

This is the main part of general secretary Xi Jinping's speech at the second plenary session of the party in the fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee in October 31, 2019.

Author: Xi Jinping       Editor: Administrator
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