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Xi Jinping: Explanation on the decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the state governance system and governance capacity

Release time: 2020-01-13 source: Xinhua News Agency

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Xinhua news agency, Beijing, November, 5, about the decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on "upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the state governance system and governance capacity"

Entrusted by the Central Political Bureau, I will explain to the plenary session the drafting of the CPC Central Committee's decision on upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the state governance system and the modernization of governance capacity.

  1. Draft decision drafting background and consideration

We have just celebrated the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. The historic achievements of new China in the past 70 years have fully proved that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is the fundamental guarantee for the development and progress of contemporary China. Proceeding from the overall and long-term development of the party and the state, the Politburo has decided that the central plenary session should focus on the following aspects: adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.

First, this is a major task to achieve the goal of "two one hundred years". To build a modern socialist country and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is our party's great aim. Since its establishment, our party has been united and led the people to make unremitting efforts for this purpose. With the gradual deepening of reform and opening up, our party's understanding of system building is getting deeper and deeper. In 1980, comrade Deng Xiaoping summed up the lesson of the "Cultural Revolution" and pointed out: "the leadership system and organizational system are more fundamental, global, stable and long-term." "A good system can make bad people unable to run arbitrarily. The bad system can make good people unable to do good deeds well, and even go against the opposite side." In 1992, comrade Deng Xiaoping said in his speech in the south, "I am afraid that in another thirty years, we will form a more mature and more stereotyped system in all aspects." The 14th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward: "in 90s, we should initially establish a new economic system and achieve the second step development goal of achieving a well-off standard. After twenty years of hard work, we will form a more mature and finalized system in all aspects when we build the party 100th anniversary. The 15th National Congress of the party, the sixteen Congress and the Seventeenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward clear requirements for the construction of the system.

Since the eighteen Party's Congress, our party has put the system construction in a more prominent position, emphasizing that "building a well-off society in an all-round way, we must take greater political courage and wisdom, seize the opportunity to deepen the reform of important fields, resolutely eliminate all the drawbacks of the ideological and institutional mechanisms that impede scientific development, and establish a system of complete, scientific, standardized and effective system, so as to enable each party to build a well-off society in an all-round way. The system is more mature and more stereotyped. In the third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, the party put forward the important proposition of "promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity" for the first time, and identified "improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity" as the general goal of comprehensive deepening reform. In the fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, the party further stressed that in the "13th Five-Year" period, "all aspects of the system should be more mature and more stereotyped, and great progress has been made in the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and the basic institutional system in various fields has basically taken shape".

The nineteen party made the strategic arrangements for building our country into a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful socialist modern power in the middle of this century. The goal of system building and governance capacity building is: by 2035, "all aspects of the system are more perfect, and the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity has basically been achieved"; by the middle of this century, "the realization of the national governance system and Modernization of governance capacity. The second and third Plenary Session of the nineteen Central Committee of the party made arrangements for revising the Constitution and deepening the reform of the party and state organs, and made significant new steps in the building of the system and in the building of governance capacity. In the third Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, the Party pointed out: "if our party wants to better lead the people in carrying out the great struggle, building great projects, advancing great cause and realizing great dreams, we must speed up the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and strive to form a more mature and finalized socialist system with Chinese characteristics. This is a major task before our party. Now, it is necessary for our party to make a systematic summary of adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the state governance system and governance capacity, and putting forward the direction and working requirements of advancing with the times and improving and developing.

Second, this is the fundamental requirement for advancing the reform and opening up of the new era. In the past 40 years of reform and opening up, the the third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee of the party has been epoch-making, opening up a new historical period of reform and opening up and socialist modernization. The the third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee of the party is also epoch-making, opening up a new era of comprehensive deepening reform, overall system design and promoting reform, creating a new prospect for China's reform and opening up. The party launched 336 major reform initiatives in the third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee. After more than 5 years of hard work, remarkable achievements have been made in the reform of key areas and key links, and the basic institutional systems in the main fields have basically taken shape, laying a solid foundation for promoting the modernization of the state governance system and governance capacity. At the same time, we must also see that some of these reform measures have not yet been completed, and some even take a long time to implement. We have already chewed up a lot of hard bones, but there are still many hard bones to be chewed up. We have overcome many difficulties, but there are still many difficulties to overcome. We must not stop. We must never relax our minds and rest our feet. In my 40th anniversary session of celebrating reform and opening up, I stressed that we should "stick to the same direction, keep the road unbiased and reduce the intensity, and push forward the reform and opening up in the new era to a more stable and far going road". This calls for further deployment of comprehensive deepening reform from the strategic needs of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way.

Compared with the past, there are many new connotations and characteristics in the new era of reform and opening up. Among them, the most important point is that the weight of system building is even heavier. More reforms are faced with deep-seated institutional mechanisms, higher requirements for the top-level design of reform, and stronger requirements for systematization, integrity and synergy of reform. Accordingly, the task of establishing and building a system is more important. In the new era, we must adhere to the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and grasp the requirements of China's development and the trend of the times. We must put the system building and governance capacity building in a more prominent position, continue to deepen the reform of all aspects of the system and mechanism, and promote the further development of all aspects of the system. Maturity is more stereotyped, promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity.

Third, this is a powerful guarantee to deal with risks and challenges and win the initiative. The ancients said, "the trend of the world is not prosperous, but the rule of the world is not going forward." The world is experiencing a great change in the past hundred years. The international situation is complex and changeable. Reform and development and stability, internal affairs, foreign affairs and national defense, and the task of governing the party and governing the country are unprecedented. Some of these risks and challenges come from China, some from the international community, some from the economic and social fields, and some from nature. We must win and guard against major risks. We must uphold and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and use the power of the system to deal with the impact of risks and challenges.

Based on the above considerations, in February 28th and March 29th this year, the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee and the Political Bureau of the Central Committee held a meeting to decide on the the fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee thematic study of the party to uphold and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, to promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and decided to set up a drafting group for documents, under the leadership of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee. Drafting work.

   Two. Drafting process

In April 3rd this year, the document drafting group held its first plenary session, and the drafting of documents was officially launched. In April 7th, the CPC Central Committee issued a notice to solicit opinions and suggestions from various regions and departments on the topic of the plenary session. There were 109 feedbacks from all sides. We have made great achievements and historical experiences in upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the state governance system and governance capacity, major principles and fundamental systems, basic systems, important systems, major problems and major tasks to be taken, and important measures to be taken. See and suggest.

In all respects, the party's the fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee focus on studying and upholding the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and making decisions on the occasion of celebrating the 70th anniversary founding of the People's Republic of China. The building of a modern socialist country is of great and far-reaching significance for consolidating the party's ruling position and ensuring the long-term stability of the party and the country.

The document drafting group has been established for more than 6 months. It has carefully studied the relevant important documents, systematically summarized the system evolution and institutional innovation in the process of revolution, construction and Reform in China, especially in depth summed up the heavy Dali gained by the party's eighteen leading Party and the whole people in adhering to and improving the Chinese special socialist system and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. On the achievements, achievements and achievements of the system, we should organize and digest feedbacks and suggestions from all sides, carry out thematic studies, and discuss and modify the draft decisions again and again.

According to the decision of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, in early September, the party decided to solicit opinions from the party within a certain scope, including soliciting opinions from some comrades in the party. All sides conscientiously organized study and discussion, and feedback from each district and department was 118. In September 25th, I chaired a forum of non party personages, and listened to the views of the Central Committee of the democratic parties, the heads of the National Federation of industry and Commerce and the personages without party affiliation. The 10 comrades delivered their speeches.

The drafting group has carefully sorted out all the comments and suggestions received. After summarizing, 1948 amendments were put forward in all aspects. After deducting repeated opinions, there were 1755 articles, 380 of which were principled, and 1375 were specific amendments.

From the perspective of feedback, the parties are fully assured of the draft decision. It is agreed that the draft decision accurately grasps the evolution direction and laws of China's national system and state governance system, highlights the insistence and improvement of the party's leadership system, grasps the key and fundamental of national governance, highlights innovation and pioneering spirit, demonstrates the self-confidence of the Chinese characteristic socialistic system, highlights system integration, and synergies and efficiency, and embodies a strong problem orientation and freshness. The characteristics of Ming's practice. The draft decision has answered the major political issue of "adhering to and consolidating what, improving and developing". It not only sets out the major systems and principles that must be firmly adhered to, but also deploys major tasks and measures to advance the system construction. It adheres to the basic system, basic system and important system of convergence, and integrates top-level design and stratification and docking, so as to co-ordinate the reform of the system and the operation of the system. The unity of history and future, unity of effort and reform and innovation, and unity of problem orientation and goal orientation will have a significant and far-reaching impact on promoting the maturity and finalization of all aspects of the system and transforming the advantages of our system into state governance efficiency.

During the process of soliciting opinions, many good opinions and suggestions were put forward in various aspects, mainly in the following aspects. First, it is suggested that in the outstanding advantages of our national system and national governance system, we should write more comprehensive reforms and comprehensively manage the country according to law. Two, it is suggested that we should highlight the improvement of science and technology system so as to give full play to the leading role of scientific and technological innovation. Three, it is suggested that more attention should be paid to guaranteeing food security, revitalizing the countryside, and giving priority to the development of agriculture and rural areas. Four, it is suggested that more attention should be paid to the use of modern information technology such as artificial intelligence, Internet and big data to enhance the governance capability and the modernization level of governance. Five, it is proposed to focus on adhering to the principle of the party's management of cadres, and put forward requirements for improving the cadre management system, encouraging cadres to take responsibility, and vigorously implementing the cadres' fighting spirit and fighting skills. Six, it is suggested to strengthen the theoretical research and publicity and education of our national system and national governance system. Seven, it is suggested that the spirit of the spirit of the plenary session be closely integrated with the reform tasks of the Party Central Committee since the eighteen Party Congress, so as to form an overall deployment and working mechanism that is integrated and integrated.

The CPC Central Committee ordered the drafting group to seriously study and absorb all aspects of the opinions and suggestions. The drafting group analyzed the opinions and suggestions from all sides and strives to absorb as much as possible. After repeated deliberation, we made 283 additions, rewrites, and simplified characters to the draft decision, covering 436 opinions and suggestions.

During the drafting of the draft decision, the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee convened the 3 meeting, and the Political Bureau of the Central Committee convened the 2 meeting for deliberation.

  Three. The basic framework of decision draft.

The overall consideration of the draft decision is to closely adhere to the theme of "adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity". Starting from the strategic objectives and major tasks of the nineteen major party members, we should focus on adhering to and consolidating the socialistic system with Chinese characteristics, ensuring the party's long-term governance and the long-term stability of the country, focusing on the improvement and development. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the building of a modern socialist country in an all-round way, with a view to giving full play to the superiority of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and promoting the modernization of the state governance system and governance capacity, and comprehensively summarizing the achievements, accumulated experience and principles of the party leading the people in China's national system construction and national governance, focusing on the support and improvement of the party's support and improvement. The fundamental system, basic system and important system of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics need to be deepened in the reform of major institutional mechanisms and key tasks that need to be promoted.

The decision draft consists of 15 parts, which are divided into three parts. The first part is the first part, which is a general introduction. It mainly expounds the historical achievements and significant advantages of the development of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the state governance system, and puts forward the great significance and general requirements of adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity in the new era. The second sector is divided into two parts, focusing on upholding and improving the fundamental system, basic system and important system to support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. It has arranged 13 parts. It has made clear the basic points, improvement and development direction of the various systems that must be upholding and consolidating, and has made the work department. The third sector is the fifteenth part and concluding remarks, mainly on strengthening the party's requirements for adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.

We hope that comrades will deeply understand the spirit of the Central Committee of the party and closely discuss what we should adhere to and consolidate, improve and develop, and put forward constructive amendments and suggestions to jointly open this plenary session.

Author: Xi Jinping       Editor: Administrator
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