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Important guideline for "one country, two systems" practice in a stable and far reaching way

Release time: 2020-01-14 source: Seeking truth 2020/01

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The celebration of Macao's return to the motherland 20th anniversary was held successfully, marking the completion of a series of events, events and happy events in 2019. From December 18th to 20, general secretary Xi Jinping attended 19 events in 48 hours in Macao, and had extensive contacts and exchanges with people from all walks of life, showing concern for Macao's development and caring for Macao compatriots. General secretary Xi Jinping, in celebrating the return of Macao to the 20th anniversary congress and the inauguration ceremony of the fifth administration of the Macao Special Administrative Region and other occasions, summed up the successful experience of "one country, two systems" in the 20 years since Macao's return to the motherland. It contains the foresight for the development of Macao and continues to successfully promote the "one country, two systems" with Macao characteristics. Practice has pointed out the way, and promoted our party's understanding of the "one country, two systems" practice rule to a new level, with profound thought and far-reaching significance.

   1. General Secretary Xi Jinping fully affirmed Macao's important position and unique role in the practice of "one country, two systems", and enlightened us to plan Macao's work with a strategic vision of "small to medium sized enterprises".

General secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that although Macao is small, it plays a unique role in the practice of "one country, two systems". General secretary Xi Jinping also said that from the perspective of "one country, two systems", Macao has a very low weight. During the meeting with representatives from all walks of life in Macao, general secretary Xi Jinping vividly described the 4 groups of words such as "small but rich", "small and vigorous", "small and healthy", "small and beautiful" to describe today's Macao, confirming that the "table can also sing big play". All these reflect that the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core attaches great importance to Macao's position and role in the practice of "one country, two systems".

Since the eighteen Party's Congress, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core has always placed the governance of the two special administrative regions of Hongkong and Macao in the important position of the overall situation of the party and the state. The nineteen major reports of the party will adhere to the principle of "one country, two systems" and promote the reunification of the motherland as one of the fourteen basic strategies for adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. Emphasizing that maintaining the long-term prosperity and stability of Hongkong and Macao and realizing the complete reunification of the motherland are the inevitable requirements for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. In the fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, the party listed "adhering to the" one country, two systems ", maintaining the long-term prosperity and stability of Hongkong and Macao, and promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland as one of the thirteen significant advantages of China's national system and state governance system, and made important arrangements for upholding and improving the" one country, two systems "system. These strategic planning and top-level design are all considered together by Macao and Hongkong.

The social situation and system of Macao are different from those of Hongkong. During the return of Macao, there were prominent problems such as shortage of qualified personnel, inefficient government, poor policing and gambling industry. How to govern the Macao Special Administrative Region on a relatively backward basis is a realistic topic faced by the central government in governing the country. The central government adheres to the principle of "one country, two systems" and firmly acts in accordance with the Constitution and the basic law. It fully supports the government of the Macao Special Administrative Region and all sectors of the society from the actual situation in Macao. In the process of implementing the "one country, two systems" process, it is bold to explore the way of governance and development in line with Macao's actual conditions, and encourages Macao to make a preliminary examination in terms of system construction and so on. The practice of "one country, two systems" in Macao has shown many highlights and characteristics.

General secretary Xi Jinping met with the newly elected fifth chief executive of the Macao Special Administrative Region in September 11, 2019, he Yicheng pointed out that "Macao has shown the world the successful practice of" one country, two systems "with Macao characteristics. Facts have proved that "one country, two systems" is entirely feasible, feasible and popular. General secretary Xi Jinping also stressed that one Hongkong and one Macao are symbolic in the practice of "one country, two systems". Wherever they succeed, they are the success of "one country, two systems". These discussions enlighten us to view Macao's important position and unique role in the practice of "one country, two systems" from a strategic perspective. The success of the practice of "one country, two systems" in Macao is in line with the success of Hongkong's "one country, two systems" practice. It is a success story of "one country, two systems". In particular, under the current setbacks of Hongkong's development, the success story of Macao will help to highlight the vitality and superiority of "one country, two systems" and has important symbolic and positive guiding effects.

   Two, general secretary Xi Jinping highly appraised the brilliant achievements of Macao after the reunification, and we must firmly believe that Macao compatriots are fully intelligent and capable of managing, building and developing Macao.

General secretary Xi Jinping arrived in Macao and told reporters at the airport that Macao's achievements and progress in the past 20 years have been proud, and the people of the motherland and the central government are also proud of it. In his subsequent speech, general secretary Xi Jinping used many "most" words to praise Macao: the SAR government and people from all walks of life "created the best development situation in the history of Macao". The 20 years since the reunification of the motherland "is the most rapid period of economic development and the improvement of people's livelihood in the history of Macao. It is also the period when Macao compatriots share the dignity and glory of the great motherland".

Macao's achievements in the past 20 years have been all-around. The governance system of the special administrative region has been improving, and the constitutional order based on the Constitution and the basic law has been firmly established, and the local legislation such as the twenty-third and the National Anthem of the basic law has been successfully completed, and the constitutional responsibility for safeguarding the sovereignty, security and development interests of the special administrative region has been established. With the orderly development of democratic politics, the broad rights and freedoms enjoyed by Macao residents in accordance with the law are fully protected. The economy has achieved leaping development, with GDP per capita reaching US $83 thousand, ranking second in the world. The residents' life has been improving continuously, and 15 years of free education from kindergarten to high school has been implemented. The primary health care system has been evaluated by WHO as the "model of the Pacific region". The average life expectancy of residents is 84 years old, ranking second in the world. Social harmony and stability have been rapidly reversed, and the social security situation has become one of the safest cities in the world. Multicultural rich and colorful, the historic city of Macao is listed in the world heritage list by UNESCO. The "creative city food capital" has become a bright card in Macao. In 2018, nearly 36 million tourists visited Macao. With the continuous improvement of international influence, Macao has participated in 120 international organizations so far, and has been granted visa free or signed processing in 144 countries and regions. These achievements are the result of the joint efforts of the Special Administrative Region Government and all sectors of society in Macao. Facts have proved eloquently that the Macao compatriots who are masters of the country have the wisdom and ability to manage, build and develop Macao well.

   Three. General Secretary Xi Jinping summed up the characteristics and successful experience of the practice of "one country, two systems" in Macao, and inspired us to strengthen the confidence of the "one country, two systems" system.

General secretary Xi Jinping summed up the highlight of Macao's practice of "one country, two systems" from 5 aspects: Patriotism and love Australia become the core value of the whole society; the authority of the Constitution and the basic law is firmly established; the administrative leading system operates smoothly; it is integrated into the overall development of the country; it takes the initiative, tolerance and harmony, and strengthens social cohesion. On the important experience of the successful practice of "one country, two systems" in Macao, general secretary Xi Jinping summed up 4 points in a concise way: first, always be confident in the "one country, two systems" system. The vast majority of Macao compatriots support the "one country, two systems" from the bottom of their hearts, and agree that "one country, two systems" is the best system for Macao to maintain long-term prosperity and stability. It never waver for the twists and turns of the moment, and is never lost for external interference. Two, we must always grasp the correct direction of "one country, two systems". The vast majority of Macao compatriots profoundly recognize that "one country" is the prerequisite and foundation for the "two systems". It takes a clear-cut stand to uphold the constitutional order established by the Constitution and the basic law, respect the socialist system practised by the main body of the state, and properly handle related issues related to the relationship between the central and special administrative regions. Three, we should always strengthen the mission of "one country, two systems". The majority of Macao compatriots consider the issue with their sense of ownership and stand on the position of national interests and the fundamental interests of Macao. They take the successful implementation of "one country, two systems", "Macao people governing Australia" and a high degree of autonomy as a common mission, and closely associate this role with the realization of the Chinese dream of Wei Dafu, the Chinese nation. Four, we must always build the social and political foundation of "one country, two systems". The government of the Special Administrative Region and all walks of life attach great importance to carrying forward the patriotic tradition and resolutely implementing the "Macao governing Australia" with patriots as the main body. The organs of special administrative power in the special administrative region are mainly patriots, and the strength of patriotic and loving Australia is growing stronger and stronger. The core value of patriotic love Australia is in the leading position in Macao society. This "five highlights" and "four invariable" reflect the requirements of implementing the principle of "one country, two systems" in a comprehensive and accurate way. It is the successful way of "one country, two systems" in Macao.

General secretary Xi Jinping emphasized in particular the basic and crucial role of patriotic education in the smooth implementation of "one country, two systems". General secretary Xi Jinping clearly pointed out that the majority of Macao compatriots have patriotic tradition, strong national identity, sense of belonging and national pride. This is the most important reason for the successful implementation of "one country, two systems" in Macao. In Haojiang middle school attached to the elite school to observe the Chinese history open class, general secretary Xi Jinping spoke with great earnestness to the students and teachers present: to lay the foundation of patriotism, we must understand history. As a Chinese and a member of the Chinese nation, we must understand our own history. Where to start? What's the way? Where are we now? Where to go? What is the future? 5000 years of history is the source of our cultural confidence. After 5000 years of recognition, we will naturally form national pride and national pride. After understanding the history of humiliation of the Chinese nation after the Opium War, we can have a better understanding of the Chinese people's strong desire for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. General secretary Xi Jinping also said with deep affection, "these two are the two fundamental driving forces that I have devoted to my country for a long time." The impromptu speech by general secretary Xi Jinping gave a lively patriotic education course to the teachers and students on the scene, which produced strong appeal and inspiration.

General secretary Xi Jinping also fully affirmed the administrative leading system implemented by the Macao Special Administrative Region. He pointed out that administrative leadership is an important principle of the special administrative region's political system designed by the basic law, and embodies the fundamental request of the chief executive to represent the entire special administrative region to the central government. The administrative, legislative and judicial organs of the Special Administrative Region shall perform their duties strictly according to law, correctly handle the relationship between them, consciously uphold the authority of the chief executive, and ensure the smooth running of the executive led system at the core of the chief executive.

General secretary Xi Jinping also put forward the important theory that "one country, two systems" should be perfected in practice. This is consistent with the the fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee discussion on the adherence to and improvement of the "one country, two systems" system by the party. It shows that the deepening of the understanding of the "one country, two systems" practice rule also shows our confidence in the "one country, two systems" system.

   Four, general secretary Xi Jinping clearly put forward the ardent hope for the Macao Special Administrative Region Government and all sectors of society, and we should focus on improving the governance level of the Special Administrative Region.

General secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that in the face of the great changes in the world in the past hundred years, faced with the new changes in the internal and external environment of Macao, the new government of the Macao Special Administrative Region and all sectors of the society should stand up to Gao Wangyuan, be vigilant in times of danger, be innovative and pragmatic, and do the "four upholding": persist in advancing with the times, further enhance the governance level of the Special Administrative Region, and persist in pioneering and innovating further. The sustained and healthy development of the mobile economy; adhering to the people-oriented principle; further ensuring and improving people's livelihood; adhering to inclusiveness and mutual assistance, and further promoting social harmony and stability. In this "four upholding", further enhancing the governance level of the special administrative region is a general rule. It is decisive for promoting the construction of the Macao Special Administrative Region to a new level on the basis of its achievements.

Promoting the moderately diversified development of Macao's economy is the key to Macao's long-term development. In celebrating the return of Macao to the 15th anniversary congress and the inauguration ceremony of the fourth administration of the Macao Special Administrative Region, general secretary Xi Jinping has clearly indicated that he should be good at long term discussions, seize the major opportunities of the country's comprehensive deepening reform, and promote the moderately diversified and sustainable development of Macao's economy. In recent years, with the strong support of the central government and the joint efforts of all walks of life in Macao, the moderately diversified development of Macao's economy has achieved initial success, and mice, Chinese medicine, characteristic finance and other emerging industries are in the ascendant. In particular, the government of the Special Administrative Region and the various sectors of the community actively and actively participate in building the national strategy of "one belt and one road" and the construction of the Great Bay area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, which has injected new impetus and expanded new space for the moderately diversified development of Macao's economy. General secretary Xi Jinping visited Macao for 4 times, and stressed that the development of Hengqin's initial intention is to promote Macao's economy to develop in an appropriate way. On this basis, we hope that on the basis of scientific argumentation, Macao hopes to select the main direction and relevant major projects of economic moderate and diversified development. We should take a lot of efforts in terms of policy, manpower and financial resources to tackle the problem. It can be said that on the issue of moderately diversified economic development in Macao, general secretary Xi Jinping has been planning and layout himself, and he has carefully guided and personally promoted. Next, the key is to implement the spirit of general secretary Xi Jinping's important instructions, enhance his sense of hardship, improve his decision-making and executive power, and work hard to carry out his work.

   Five, general secretary Xi Jinping solemnly declared the standpoint of opposing the external forces interfering in the affairs of Hongkong and Macao, and inspired us to stick to the bottom line of the principle of "one country, two systems".

General secretary Xi Jinping, in celebrating the return of Macao to the 20th anniversary congress and the inauguration ceremony of the fifth administration of the Macao Special Administrative Region, stressed: "after the return of Hongkong and Macao to the motherland, handling the affairs of these two special administrative regions is entirely China's internal affairs, and no need for any external forces to dictate. The Chinese government and the Chinese people will have a strong desire to safeguard national sovereignty, security and development interests. We will never allow any external forces to interfere in Hongkong and Macao affairs. The loud announcement gave rise to thunderous applause. General secretary Xi Jinping also met with the representatives of the Macao disciplinary forces, pointing out that the disciplined services are responsible for safeguarding national security and Macao's security. We must enhance our national consciousness, establish bottom line thinking, maintain high vigilance, and resolutely prevent and combat any acts that endanger national sovereignty, challenge central authority and basic law authority, and make use of Macao's penetration and destruction to the mainland. For. When inspecting the troops stationed in Macao, general secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that we should comprehensively strengthen the building of the armed forces at a new starting point, comprehensively enhance their ability to fulfil their tasks, resolutely safeguard national sovereignty, security and development interests, and resolutely safeguard Macao's prosperity and stability. Under the circumstances of the deep involvement of the external forces in the Hongkong case, the participation in the Hongkong chaos and the attempt to infiltrate Macao, general secretary Xi Jinping's speech was a blow to them, encouraging us to carry out the struggle in a rational manner and fight against it with tit for tat.

General secretary Xi Jinping's important speech in Macao is directly addressed to the Macao society, but it also has important guiding significance for Hongkong society. We firmly believe that with the general secretary Xi Jinping steering at the helm, the Chinese people, including the compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao, will be able to make persistent efforts to develop the "one country, two systems" practice better, improve the system of "one country, two systems", and better govern the Special Administrative Region, so as to ensure that the "one country, two systems" ship is chopping waves and achieving stability.

(author: Director of Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council)

Author: Zhang Xiaoming       Editor: Administrator
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