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Resolutely overcome the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic and try hard to get rid of poverty.

Release time: 2020-05-09 source: Seeking truth

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General secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the Symposium on the decisive battle against poverty and tackling poverty. It is pointed out that the poverty of the rural population under the current standard in 2020 is all out of poverty. It is a solemn promise made by the Party Central Committee to the people of the whole country. It must be realized as scheduled, and there is no retreat and flexibility. This is a tough battle. The last thing we need to do is to tighten the string. We can't stop, we can't be careless and we can't relax. General secretary Xi Jinping's important instructions, both the assembly number and the charge number, issued a general mobilization command for decisive battle to overcome poverty. We must perform our duties, fulfill our duties, fulfill our mission, resolutely overcome the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, resolutely accomplish the task of tackling poverty and tackle difficulties, and ensure that the poverty-stricken areas and the poor together enter the well-off society in an all-round way with the whole country.
  
First, accurately analyze the situation of tackling poverty and tackling difficulties.
  
Since the eighteen Party Congress, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core has lifted the poor population out of poverty as the bottom line task and landmark index of building a well-off society in an all-round way, and has been fighting the battle against poverty all over the country. The scale of poverty alleviation, the scale and the impact of it are unprecedented. After more than 7 years of unremitting efforts, the system of eliminating poverty and tackling difficulties has been established in an all-round way. The basic strategy of precision poverty alleviation has been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. The problem of "supporting whom", "who will help", "how to help" and "how to retire" have been basically solved. The number of poor people has decreased from 98 million 990 thousand at the end of 2012 to 5 million 510 thousand by the end of 2019. The incidence of poverty has decreased from 10.2% to 0.6%, the number of poor villages has decreased from 128 thousand and 700 to 2707, and the number of poverty-stricken counties has decreased from 832 to 52. The "two no worries" quality of the poor population has been significantly improved, and the "Three Guarantees" have been comprehensively solved. The poverty-stricken areas have generally solved the long-standing problems that are difficult to travel, difficult to go to school, difficult to see, difficult to drink, difficult to use electricity and difficult to communicate.
  
Poverty alleviation has brought great changes to the production and living conditions of the poor people in poor areas. The level of infrastructure and public services has been greatly improved in poor areas, with the steady development of the characteristic industries, the continuous improvement of the ecological environment, the remarkable improvement of the development capacity and vitality, and the annual growth rate of disposable income of farmers is 2.2 percentage points higher than the national average of the whole country. Shrink. The poverty-stricken areas have been taking the overall situation of economic and social development as a whole, showing a new development situation. For example, Lankao County in Henan province has been wearing poor county hat for many years, and nearly 100 thousand poor people end in 2012. Since the eighteen Party's Congress, Lankao County has taken the overall situation of economic and social development as a whole in tackling poverty and tackling poverty. It has conscientiously implemented the basic strategy of precision poverty alleviation and accurately eliminated poverty, and constructed a mechanism of "leading cadres, cadres to rush to do, and the masses to follow suit". In 2016, GDP was lifted off the poverty line and lifted its hat, and GDP rose by the rank of the province.
  
  
  
Relocation of poverty alleviation is the most direct and effective way to solve the problem of poverty alleviation in a region where one party can not afford to live in the same place. In order to ensure that the relocated households are able to move out, stay steady, get employed and get rich gradually, we should increase the follow-up support for the relocation of vulnerable areas, focus on the relocation and resettlement areas, and focus on solving the problems of relocation of the mass industry, employment, basic public services, community governance and social integration, so as to truly relocate the masses and live in peace. The picture shows the scene of relocation and resettlement of poverty alleviation and relocation of shetun village in Zhujia Town, Renshou County, Meishan, Sichuan in March 8, 2020. People's picture pan Shuai / photo
  
The fundamental changes in the appearance of poor areas are also reflected in other aspects. By grasping the party building and promoting poverty alleviation, grass-roots organizations in poor areas have been strengthened, and grassroots cadres have consolidated the party's ruling base in rural areas by carrying out poverty identification, accurate assistance and improved ability level. A total of about 2900000 party and government organs at the county level or above, and cadres from state-owned enterprises and institutions were sent to poor villages and weak and lax villages as the first secretaries or village cadres. In the new crown pneumonia epidemic prevention and control, the grass-roots cadres in poor areas show strong combat effectiveness. Many village teams are pulling away from epidemic prevention teams and fighting epidemic teams. By mobilizing the wide participation of all sectors of society and carrying out ties to help and helping poor people to self reliant and hard struggle, they have formed positive energy for upward and positive development and carried forward the socialist core values.
  
China's great achievements in the field of tackling poverty alleviation have highlighted the political advantages of the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the socialist system, effectively promoted the sustained and healthy development of the economy and society, and synchronously reduced poverty on a large scale, and contributed to China's wisdom and China's plan for the global poverty alleviation. The most fundamental achievement of these achievements is a strong core of leadership. General secretary Xi Jinping, as the core of the Party Central Committee and the core of the whole party, has always placed the key to eliminating poverty in the important position of governing the country. He personally studied, personally deployed, personally supervised, and led the five level secretaries together to maintain the correct direction and good posture for tackling poverty. At the same time, we stick to goal orientation, problem oriented and result oriented, so as to ensure high quality win the battle against poverty.
  
There are clear objectives and tasks. By 2020, all the impoverished population under the current standard should be lifted out of poverty. All the poverty-stricken counties should remove their cap and solve the regional overall poverty, which is in line with the reality of China's economic and social development and the basic requirements of a well-off society in an all-round way.
  
There is a scientific general plan. The basic strategy of accurate poverty alleviation is the crystallization of the long-term exploration of general secretary Xi Jinping. It is a major innovation in China's poverty alleviation theory and poverty alleviation practice. This strategy is not only a scientific method of tackling poverty, but also a basic principle of many work.
  
- there are ultra conventional policy initiatives. A series of measures, such as finance, finance, land, education, medical treatment, science and technology, talents and infrastructure construction, have been put forward, and a combination of policies has been launched.
  
There is a situation where the whole society is working hard together. The central and western regions are responsible for the implementation of the main responsibility, the eastern region has implemented the responsibility to assist, the competent departments have implemented the industrial responsibilities, the party, the government and the army, and the state-owned enterprises and institutions have implemented the duty of helping the poor in the designated position, and private enterprises, social organizations and citizens have fulfilled their social responsibilities.
  
- there are supervision mechanisms to identify problems and solve problems. The Party Central Committee has launched a special inspection tour against poverty, and democratic parties have carried out democratic supervision over poverty alleviation. The State Council's poverty alleviation and Development Leading Group has carried out inspections and inspections, played the role of auditing supervision and social supervision, and found problems in a timely manner.
  
There is a strict assessment system. Strict evaluation on the effectiveness of the provincial Party committee and government poverty alleviation, poverty alleviation and cooperation between the East and the west, and the targeted poverty alleviation by the central unit, and set up a distinct practical guidance.
  
The achievements, accumulated experience and mechanism formed over the past 7 years have laid a solid foundation for this year's decisive battle. At the same time, we must also soberly realize that the key to success in tackling poverty is from decisive achievement to overall victory. The difficulties and challenges we face must not be underestimated and the tasks we face are still arduous and complicated.
  
The new crown pneumonia epidemic poses new challenges. The epidemic has hindered poor migrant workers from going out to work. Some of the poor labor force has 1 to 3 months' income. The epidemic has hindered the production and operation of poor households, resulting in a decline in production and consumption, which has affected the industry's poverty alleviation and income increase. The poverty alleviation project was blocked by the epidemic, and the poverty alleviation projects started after the Lantern Festival last year.
  
The remaining task of tackling poverty is arduous. There are 52 counties in the country that have not removed their cap, 2707 poor villages have not withdrawn, and 5 million 510 thousand poor people have not been lifted out of poverty. Although the total amount is not large compared with the past, they are all poor and poor in poverty.
  
  
  
Developing industry is the fundamental policy to achieve poverty alleviation. We must adjust measures to local conditions, and foster the industry as the fundamental way to promote poverty alleviation and strengthen measures to help stabilize and increase incomes. Pictured here is the seven group of Lian Feng Village, Sheung an town, Liangping District, Chongqing, March 8, 2020. At present, there are more than 600 villagers in the town, and the number of bees is more than 8000. Among them, more than 60 poor households are on the road to poverty alleviation through beekeeping. China News Agency reporter Liu Hui / photo
  
Consolidating the achievement of poverty alleviation is a heavy task. There are nearly 2 million people in the country who are out of poverty and there are risks of returning to poverty. Nearly 3 million people in the marginal population are at risk of poverty. Poverty alleviation and relocation of nearly 10 million poor people, stable and able to get rich, the task is arduous. Stabilizing and consolidating the achievements of "Three Guarantees" is not a light task.
  
There are still some outstanding problems in the work. Some places have shifted the focus of work, reduced investment and dispersed cadres' energy. Formalism and bureaucracy have repeatedly been banned. Digital poverty alleviation and false poverty alleviation still occur. The endogenous motive force of some poor people's development is insufficient.
  
Two, resolutely overcome the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic.
  
The global new crown pneumonia epidemic is the biggest uncertainty affecting the poverty alleviation. In this case, completing the poverty relief task on schedule is a great test for us and highlights our political advantages. We must conscientiously carry out the spirit of the decisive battle to overcome poverty and tackle the tough problem. In line with the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee, we should actively transform our work methods, vigorously and orderly push forward the poverty alleviation efforts, strive to minimize the losses caused by the epidemic, and recover the progress of the epidemic delays, so as to ensure the high quality and accomplish the goal of tackling poverty.
  
Establish epidemic response mechanism. The poverty alleviation system analyzes the impact of the epidemic on the poverty alleviation campaign every week, and puts forward specific measures to launch a series of supporting policies in conjunction with relevant departments. All the cadres in the village should be sent to the post to co-ordinate the epidemic prevention and control and tackle poverty. We should regularly make progress in tackling poverty alleviation and urge all localities to grasp the key tasks carefully.
  
Organize poor labor force to go out to work. The construction of major national projects will prioritize the work of the poor labors, and send them back to the posts through "point to point" through the poverty alleviation and cooperation mechanism between the East and the west, mobilize the eastern region to make more contributions, do well the work of stabilizing the gang and expanding the posts, and organize the mobilization and service guarantee in the central and western regions. Supporting the leading enterprises in poverty alleviation and poverty alleviation workshops to speed up the resumption of production, the proportion of labor remuneration services remuneration will be increased from 10% to 15%, and 80% of the income generated by the PV power station will be used to set up poverty relief public service posts, develop ecological forest rangers, road guards and other posts, and create local job opportunities nearby.
  
Organize poor households to develop production. We should instruct all over the country to do well in the field of spring plowing and farming, strengthen the allocation of agricultural materials and market supply, so as to develop the poverty alleviation industry. The repayment period of poverty alleviation microfinance due to the outbreak of the epidemic will be extended for one year, and the application for new loans will be processed faster and the demand will be met in time. We should strengthen entrepreneurship in poor villages and cultivate leaders in poverty stricken areas, so as to help poor people develop their production.
  
Organize the implementation of consumer poverty alleviation. Combined with the eastern region and the city "rice bag" and "vegetable basket" project, we should strengthen production and marketing docking and e-commerce to help the poor. We should organize the central and western regions to identify poverty alleviation products, and the eastern and central units to buy poverty alleviation products, and solve the problem of poor sales of poor products by means of budgetary units procurement, establishing a consumer poverty alleviation market, and various enterprises and social participation in sales.
  
Accelerate the implementation of poverty alleviation projects. We should adjust and improve the poverty alleviation project database, adjust the use of poverty alleviation funds, streamline the process, improve efficiency, promote the construction of poverty alleviation projects, continue to improve the production and living conditions of poor people in poor areas, and raise the level of public services.
  
Support Hubei in tackling poverty. The central financial support fund and land policy tilt to support Hubei, organize Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong 6 provinces and municipalities to carry out labor cooperation activities with Hubei, organize Eastern and central units to purchase Hubei special agricultural products.
  
  
  
Villages and highways, the group can be accessible, and households have convenient roads. The construction of rural roads not only improves the traffic conditions of the poor in the poor areas, but also becomes a way out of poverty, becoming rich and revitalizing the countryside. The picture shows the "four good rural roads" - the Bamboo Road in the village of Fu Village, Taiping County, Ji'an, Jiangxi in January 22, 2020. It swirled around the stretch of the mountains to become the main road of the village. People's picture Deng Deng / photo
  
As of April 10th, the number of migrant workers who worked in poverty in the country was 23 million 530 thousand, accounting for 86% of the total number of migrant workers who went out last year, 34 percentage points higher than that in March 6th, 74.1% of the poverty alleviation projects, 42 percentage points higher than that of March 6th, 97.2% of the leading enterprises in poverty alleviation, 15 percentage points higher than March 6th, 96% of the poverty alleviation workshop, 33 percentage points higher than March 6th, and 22 in the central and western regions. A total of 36396 poverty alleviation products were identified in the province, the total value of goods was 248 billion 100 million yuan, and the consumption allowance for the poor in the 9 eastern provinces and cities was 2 billion 700 million yuan. On the whole, the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic on the poverty alleviation of the poor is gradually being overcome and will not change the overall situation of tackling poverty.
  
Three, fight the war of deep poverty and annihilation.
  
General secretary Xi Jinping stressed that tackling poverty is a tough battle, and that poverty alleviation in deep poverty areas is a tough battle in this hard battle. We must have a deep understanding of the arduous importance, urgency and urgency of completing the task of tackling poverty alleviation in poverty stricken areas on schedule. We should adopt more concentrated support, more effective measures and more effective work to push forward poverty alleviation in deep poverty areas.
  
Most of the poverty-stricken areas are integrated into old revolutionary base areas, ethnic minority areas and border areas. Natural conditions, economic society, ethnic and religious issues are intertwined. Most of these areas are of harsh natural conditions, fragile ecological environment, frequent natural disasters, high construction costs and difficult construction, and the task of upgrading infrastructure and basic public services is still heavy. These areas are far from the regional economic center and are at the end of the economic chain, which is difficult to effectively link up with the market, and the economic development is lagging behind for a long time. Most of these areas are closed for a long time and social development is lagging behind. For example, Yunnan's Nu River, Sichuan and Liangshan are directly ahead of the nation. It is very difficult to achieve the goal of poverty alleviation and consolidation.
  
In order to conquer the fortress of deep poverty, general secretary Xi Jinping hosted a forum on poverty alleviation in the poverty stricken areas in Taiyuan in June 2017, making comprehensive arrangements, making clear new funding for tackling poverty and tackling poverty, and tackling poverty alleviation projects. The 28 departments issued 49 policy documents to support tackling key problems in the areas of deep poverty. The "three districts and three states" are located in 6 provinces and autonomous regions to work out the implementation plan for poverty alleviation in the poverty-stricken areas and conscientiously organize and implement them. As of the end of 2019, the implementation plan of the "three districts and three states" to tackle poverty alleviation was progressing smoothly. The rate of funding was over 2018 from 2020 to three, and the project completion rate exceeded 85% of the three year plan. The number of poor people decreased from 3 million 50 thousand at the end of 2017 to 430 thousand at the end of 2019. The incidence of poverty dropped from 14.6% to 2%, and the progress of poverty alleviation accelerated significantly.
  
This year, we should further focus on key areas and highlight problems, concentrate on effective, orderly and effective fighting for the war of deep poverty and annihilation. We should speed up the implementation plan for tackling poverty alleviation in poverty-stricken areas such as "three districts, three states", and co-ordinate resources in all areas to focus continuously on the poverty-stricken areas. We will convene "three districts and three states" to solve the problem on the spot. The leading group of the State Council for poverty alleviation and development has carried out the supervision of 52 failed counties and 1113 poverty-stricken villages, and organized the mobilization of private enterprises and social organizations to assist the 1113 poor villages. Provinces, municipalities and municipalities shall shoulder the overall responsibility for listing objects in their respective jurisdictions, co-ordinate all kinds of resources, take special measures, and intensify their efforts to ensure that they are able to complete their poverty alleviation tasks.
  
Four, we will consolidate the achievements of poverty alleviation to a more important position.
  
Poverty alleviation is a continuous battle. People who have already been lifted out of poverty may return to poverty because of disasters, illness, disability, industrial failure and unstable work, and a large number of people who are on the edge of poverty may also be trapped in poverty. It is inevitable to return to poverty, but we must prevent large areas from returning to poverty. Since we started the battle against poverty in a comprehensive way, we have made great efforts in consolidating the achievement of poverty alleviation. We have taken many measures and achieved good results. In recent years, the number of people returning to poverty in China has been decreasing year by year, 683 thousand people were returned to poverty in 2016, 208 thousand people were returned to poverty in 2017, 58 thousand people were returned to poverty in 2018, and more than 5500 people were returned to poverty in 2019. In 2020, in order to ensure that the poor population of the remaining registry cards should be lifted out of poverty as quickly as possible, we should put the prevention of poverty back in a more important position.
  
  
  
During the epidemic prevention and control period, in view of the unsalable problems of agricultural and livestock products in poor areas, some localities actively organize production and marketing docking, carry out consumer poverty alleviation operations, use the Internet to widen sales channels, and solve the problem of selling agricultural products through multiple channels. The picture shows that in March 14, 2020, the Dong girl introduced the Sanjiang tea to the netizens through the live platform in Buyang village, eight Jiang Town, Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County, Liuzhou, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. People's picture Wu Lian Xin / photo
  
We must keep the poverty alleviation policy stable. For the poverty-stricken counties, poor villages and poor people who withdrew, the existing policy of supporting the whole is stable, policy support and work intensity are not reduced, the village working team will not withdraw, deepen the poverty alleviation and cooperation between the East and the west, and help the poor in the central unit, and help the horse to send a journey. Efforts should be made to increase poverty alleviation through industry and employment, and help poor people establish stable income increasing channels. We should increase the follow-up support for relocation of vulnerable areas and focus on solving the problems of moving mass industries, employment, basic public services, community governance and social integration, so as to ensure that we can move, secure, get employed and gradually become rich. The special poverty alleviation funds should be arranged as a whole to support the poverty-stricken population in non poverty-stricken counties and non poverty-stricken villages from poverty and prevent blind spots.
  
Deepening support and supporting wisdom. Poor people are both the object of poverty relief and the main body of poverty relief. Whether it is to solve the problem of absolute poverty or to solve the problem of relative poverty in the future, we must rely on the efforts of the poor. For the poor people who have the ability to work, we should reduce direct money and goods, guide them to participate in poverty alleviation projects, develop poverty through industry and labor income increase, prevent "policy to raise idlers", and explore material rewards and spiritual incentives for those who are self reliant and take the initiative to shake off poverty. We should give full play to the role of village rules and regulations and effectively govern problems such as stereotypes and old age.
  
Establish a mechanism to prevent poverty monitoring and assistance. We should strengthen the monitoring of the poverty alleviation households, the marginal vulnerable poor households, and the sharp increase in income or other expenses due to epidemic or other reasons, and take targeted measures in advance. For poor marginal population with labor ability, we should give support to poverty alleviation policies such as interest alleviation, microcredit, interest training, skills training and poverty alleviation.
  
Five, multi pronged approach to improve the quality of poverty alleviation.
  
Poverty alleviation should be based on quantity and quality. We must improve the quality of poverty relief and ensure that the results of poverty alleviation can stand the test of history and people.
  
Adhere to the poverty elimination standard. The solution to the problem of poverty alleviation is absolute poverty. The standard of poverty relief is the stability of the poor population and the realization of "two no worries and Three Guarantees". For thousands of years, the core of absolute poverty is to eat enough and not to wear warm. On this basis, we have added "Three Guarantees". We must always adhere to this standard in the crucial period. We must neither be divorced from reality, raise standards or raise our appetite, nor can we falsely lift ourselves out of poverty, reduce standards and affect the fineness.
  
Overcome slack and slack. At present, in some places, the degree of attention and the intensity of efforts to tackle poverty alleviation have been significantly reduced after the lifting of poverty, and some of the capital investment has slowed down. Some people's income from poverty has not increased or even declined. Some poor villages have not been in the post of first secretary and village team after they have announced their withdrawal. We must strictly implement the requirements of lifting the hat, not taking responsibility, not picking up policies, not picking up help, and not picking up supervision, so as to ensure the implementation of the responsibility for tackling poverty and tackle difficulties, implement policies and implement the work.
  
Strict examination and acceptance. This year, we will continue to carry out the inspection and inspection of poverty alleviation, strengthen the normalization supervision, and find out and correct problems in time. Check the counties that have been lifted off poverty and pick up their cap and strictly withdraw from the quality. We will organize a national poverty reduction investigation and investigate the authenticity and accuracy of the results.
  
Strengthen style building. First of all, we should see that the work style in the field of poverty alleviation is generally good. In the past few years, about 93000000 people have been helped out of poverty. At the same time, we should also see that formalism, bureaucracy, digital poverty alleviation, and sham poverty alleviation still exist, which not only affect the effective promotion of poverty alleviation, but also damage the image of the party and government. To this end, we should thoroughly carry out the special treatment of corruption and work style in the field of poverty alleviation and further reduce the burden on the grassroots. We will continue to train the cadres to tackle the poverty problem and train all the newly appointed cadres in the village and the new cadres in the countryside to enhance the ability of precise poverty alleviation.
  
The struggle against poverty is a vivid manifestation of the mission of the Chinese Communists. It is a solemn promise made by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China at the core of Comrade Xi Jinping to the people of the whole country. Now we have entered the decisive battle countdown, and the time is pressing and the task is arduous. We should enhance our sense of responsibility, sense of mission and urgency, carry forward the fine style of continuous operations, strive for all-out efforts, seize the day, win the decisive battle, and resolutely win the victory of the battle against poverty.
  
Author: Secretary and director of the Party committee of the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council

Author: Liu Yongfu       Editor in charge: Gu ran
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