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Gao Youdong: improving the standards of sanitation and epidemic prevention for municipal facilities and civil buildings

Release time: 2020-06-01: Source: China Report

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China reported that Zhang Hongzhen (Wen Pingping) 2020 "new coronavirus" epidemic situation reminds us, earnestly strengthens the sanitation and epidemic prevention, especially the municipal facilities and the civil building hygiene and epidemic prevention standard revision and the consummation is the urgent matter. For a long time, our country lacks effective guidelines for building scientific epidemic prevention. There is no "law" to be followed in the implementation of grass-roots units. Because of the density of personnel and the unscientific use of equipment, the urban buildings in all parts of the country are easy to gather and spread.

In response, Gao Youdong, vice chairman of the National People's Congress and Secretary General of the National People's Congress, analyzed the problems of sanitation and epidemic prevention in municipal facilities and civil buildings.

First, there are defects in the drainage design standard of municipal facilities.

Two, there is a lack of standards for civil building design and operation management.

Three, the relevant laws and regulations did not put forward specific requirements for building epidemic prevention.

In view of the existing problems, Gao Youdong put forward the following suggestions:

We should co-ordinate the revision of the standards for drainage design of municipal facilities and increase the provisions for hygiene and epidemic prevention.

One is to modify the outdoor drainage design code, to increase the design of sanitation and epidemic prevention, to carry out sanitation and epidemic prevention design for outdoor drainage facilities, and to take effective preventive measures and enforce them for vulnerable areas. The two is to optimize the inspection manhole cover of "single layer, double deck covers and steps", such as adding sealing interlayer at the bottom of the manhole cover, preventing mosquitoes from entering and leaving, eliminating defects from the source of product structure, and preventing epidemic risks.

Modify the design standards of civil buildings as soon as possible, and increase hygiene and epidemic prevention regulations.

The "unified standard for civil building design" and "code for design of building water supply and drainage" are modified to increase the design of health and epidemic prevention. The main contents include: sanitation and epidemic prevention design for building water supply and drainage system, effective preventive measures and enforcement for vulnerable areas of water production; implementation of mandatory standards for design of stormwater stormwater pipes for buildings and drainage according to rainwater. Pipe diameter, clear roof rainwater pipeline slope setting coefficient; district underground garage water collection well adopts closed manhole cover.

3. timely revision of relevant laws and regulations to clarify the requirements for building epidemic prevention.

In the early stage of the project and the completion and acceptance, the supervisory functions of the relevant competent departments should be clearly defined. The first is to amend the People's Republic of China infectious disease prevention act and the emergency regulations for public health emergencies. The two is to revise the national emergency plan for public health emergencies, and increase the chapter of building prevention plan. The three is revising the national standards and departmental rules for building construction quality acceptance standards, water quality and water supply and drainage engineering construction quality acceptance specification, construction and acceptance specification for water supply and drainage pipeline engineering, and the acceptance regulations for building construction and municipal infrastructure projects (2013]171).

4., we should strengthen and refine the preventive health inspection, inspection and acceptance, and repair work.

In the feasibility study phase of the project, the "preventive health examination application" submitted by the competent authority to the construction unit shall be examined as a precondition for the feasibility study and approval. In the preliminary design stage, the health and epidemic prevention special section submitted by the competent department to the construction unit for preliminary design documents shall be examined as the precondition for the preliminary approval, and the supervisor shall be the supervisor at the completion and acceptance stage. The departments should check the hygiene and epidemic prevention before the completion and acceptance of the project, and the projects that fail to accept the special inspection are not allowed to be completed, checked and accepted for use.

The improvement of standards for sanitation and epidemic prevention in municipal facilities and civil buildings can provide better quality and reliable health and health protection for residents. It is necessary for normalization of epidemic prevention and control and the development of disease control system in the future. We should actively improve the components of the existing municipal facilities and the hidden dangers of health and safety in the building, set standards to standardize the building construction from the source, supervise the building facilities with laws and regulations, and believe that through coordination and coordination of all aspects, the municipal and civil building sanitation and epidemic prevention construction will gradually enter the track of mature development.

Author:       Editor: Zhangyu
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