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Fang Fuquan, deputy to the National People's Congress, played an important role in the process of anti epidemic.

Release time: 2020-05-29: Source: Beijing News

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What role did applied mathematics play in the prevention and control of the epidemic? Fang Fuquan, a member of the National People's Congress and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said in an interview with the Beijing News reporter that applied mathematics is the basis for establishing such prediction models. "From this we can also see the application of our basic science in real life." Fang Fuquan said.

The two sessions are still focusing on basic science related fields. He said that basic science is a discipline that needs to support fish for a long time. It suggests that we should continuously and steadily support input in basic science, improve the evaluation system of talents, create some top international science and innovation centers, and form sophisticated science and technology with independent intellectual property rights.

   Network teaching in Colleges and universities during the epidemic period:

The normalization condition of online course is not yet ripe.

Beijing News: during the epidemic, colleges and universities have opened online courses. How are your students studying at home?

Fang Fuquan: as a whole, the effect of online education is not good at school face-to-face teaching. One of the most important reasons is the decrease in interaction with students.

During the epidemic, I also taught my students online. One of the most obvious feelings is that I can not feel the students' response to what I have taught. In addition, the concentration of students in the classroom is not very high.

Beijing News: at present, a large number of college students are still online. How can we improve the quality of online courses?

Fang Fuquan: at present, most of the universities in the beginning are only for graduation grades. For example, Beijing has recently made clear that students of university grades can apply for return to school in June 6th, but there are still a large number of non graduating students at home.

For this part of the students, it is suggested that some preview can be made in advance before the online course. On the other hand, teachers are not able to teach face-to-face lectures. Teachers must be prepared carefully, such as sending PPT to students, or thinking about ways to interact on the Internet.

Beijing News: will online classes become a norm for teaching in universities?

Fang Fuquan: at present, the conditions for the normalization of online education are not mature enough. This immaturity is not to say that technology is not mature. In fact, our country's network penetration rate has been relatively high, but the decisive factor is precisely the problem of interaction which I mentioned earlier. In real classroom, interaction between teachers and students is a very important link in the process of knowledge imparting. I think this can not be replaced by online courses.

But I do not deny the role played by network teaching during the epidemic period. In the teaching activities, whether in universities or in primary and secondary schools, web-based courses can be used as an auxiliary teaching means.

   On opening schools in Colleges and Universities:

It is proposed to accelerate the resumption of classes and the opening of relevant training institutions if conditions permit.

Beijing News: how can the examination work be carried out because of the epidemic situation?

Fang Fuquan: now part of the University's choice is to transfer some of the tests to online tests. It is also a good way to form a class through thinking or reading reports.

In addition, there are some courses that cannot be concluded through online examinations. Some schools are postponed to conclude classes until the next semester.

Beijing News: when do you propose to start school? What are the problems faced by colleges and universities?

Fang Fuquan: at present, a large number of students can not resume classes. The effectiveness of our online course is still far behind our classroom education. On the other hand, a large number of primary and secondary school students are at home. It is suggested that while promoting epidemic prevention, speeding up the resumption of classes and opening up relevant training institutions can also relieve employment pressure.

For colleges and universities, the impact of the epidemic is bigger than that of primary and secondary schools. After the beginning of the University, there are also many risks. Risk is concentrated in dormitories, canteens, libraries and other major activities of students. In most of the colleges and universities in China, the standard of dormitory is 6-8 dormitories, and students return from all over the country.

Therefore, most colleges and universities only allow graduates to return to school. It is also considered that the number of students is less, and universities can achieve better diversion, which should reduce the risk of infection.

Beijing News: during the epidemic, a large number of colleges and universities at home and abroad suspend classes, what impact will it have on international university exchanges?

Fang Fuquan: from the global perspective, the impact of this epidemic is also very large. Some top schools in the US, such as Harvard and MIT, have frozen the recruitment plan, which will have a great impact on student exchange and study abroad.

But on the other hand, I think we need to seize the opportunity to win some international high-level talents.

   On duty:

It is suggested to introduce relevant policies to alleviate employment situation in Colleges and universities.

Beijing News: as a mathematician, what role do you think applied mathematics played in this epidemic?

Fang Fuquan: first of all, the biggest and most obvious function is the prediction of the number of people infected by mathematical models. For example, several projections issued by the CDC were calculated by using the relevant mathematical models.

On the other hand, the application of big data is quite obvious in our country. For example, fixed point prevention and control, precise policy implementation and so on, operation is to use the operation of big data to implement.

Beijing News: what proposals have been prepared for the two sessions this year?

Fang Fuquan: this year, we are more concerned about the employment of college graduates. A motion prepared is to suggest that the government introduce relevant policies to ease the employment problem of university graduates.

This year, the pressure of employment for college graduates is large, and 8 million 740 thousand of college graduates need employment. At present, the government has introduced some policies, such as the expansion of civil servants and so on. For universities, it also needs government support. The government can introduce more targeted policies to ease the pressure of employment.

Beijing News: does it suggest that college graduates choose postgraduate entrance exams to relieve employment pressure?

Fang Fuquan: this year's expansion of postgraduate enrollment is not much help for this year's graduating students.

First of all, the enrollment quota of most schools has been planned as early as last year. On the other hand, the initial examination of graduate students has ended, and most schools are about to start the postgraduate reexamination. The ease brought by the expansion of postgraduate education is limited to students who have already signed up for the first examination.

Beijing News: what are the concerns this year?

Fang Fuquan: this year, the four ministries and commissions of the state issued documents, and proposed strengthening the support of basic science, including mathematics and physics, and building a number of state-level science and technology innovation centers. Basic science is a discipline that needs to support fish for a long time. It is by no means accomplished overnight. I suggest that we continuously and steadily invest in basic science, improve our talent evaluation system, and create some top notch international science and technology centers to form sophisticated science and technology with independent intellectual property rights.

In terms of talent evaluation system, we should change the tendency of "only papers, professional titles, academic qualifications and only awards" in the past. For different disciplines and industries, we must establish an evaluation system that meets internal needs. For example, basic subjects should not only focus on the number of papers published, but also focus on the quality of papers.

Beijing News: Beijing is currently in the construction of the science and innovation center and Beijing elite schools. What kind of role do you think the university should play?

Fang Fuquan: in recent years, I often participate in the evaluation of national science and technology awards. Judging from the attribution of these awards, colleges and universities can earn half of the awards. The scientific and technological innovation ability of colleges and universities can be seen.

To return to the city of Beijing can be said to be a prestigious school, especially the top universities in China. Therefore, the role of universities in Beijing's scientific innovation can be described as "main force". Analysis of the reasons, on the one hand is the history of Xiong; another important aspect is the top talent gathered here. I think universities should make good use of these advantages and continue to play the role of the main force.

Combined with the epidemic situation, in the "government work report", it is mentioned that to build a national key laboratory, colleges and universities can play an important role in this aspect.

 

Author: should be pleased       Editor in chief: Yang Zonglin
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