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Building a long-term mechanism to prevent poverty and ensure stability and poverty relief

- interview with the CPPCC National Committee member, the chairman of the Fujian Provincial Committee of the Democratic Progressive Party and Yan Keshi, vice mayor of Fuzhou.

Release time: 2020-05-26: Source: Ministry of civil affairs website

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This year is a decisive battle to win the battle against poverty. It is equally important to increase the basic livelihood security and prevent poverty and continue to attack. Focusing on how to better protect and improve people's livelihood and how to effectively enhance the sense of policy, the reporter recently interviewed members of the CPPCC National Committee, the chairman of the Fujian Provincial Committee of the Democratic Progressive Party, and Yan Ke Shi, vice mayor of Fuzhou. He said that tackling poverty has entered a decisive stage and will focus on solving the problem of deep poverty areas and special poverty groups in the future. It is a great article how to achieve the goal of "one can not be less on the well-off road" put forward by general secretary Xi Jinping. Affected by the new crown pneumonia epidemic this year, the poverty relief task has increased and there is a risk of returning to poverty. To this end, he submitted to the general assembly a proposal on building a long-term mechanism to prevent poverty.

Reporter: in order to better meet the growing needs of people's lives, what has Fuzhou done in recent years in helping relief work for the special needy masses?

Yan Ke Shi: in recent years, Fuzhou has always adhered to the people centered approach, and continued to increase the assistance efforts of special groups and needy people.

Improve and improve the livelihood security mechanism. Laying stress on top level design, we have formulated policies on implementation of rescue and support for poverty-stricken people in Fuzhou, implementing measures for the implementation of the "Fuzhou handicapped handicapped people's living allowance" and "severe disability care subsidy system" and so on. We should improve the employment assistance and assistance system for the urban and rural poor people, and normalize the special month of employment assistance to help all kinds of employment difficulties, such as low-income families, orphans and disabled children, and the disabled and zero employment families. Last year, the city provided more than 2400 jobs for special groups, and 1440 placement workers for public welfare posts.

Timely and full payment of subsidies. Adjusted for 14 consecutive years to raise the level of pension benefits for retired elderly people, monthly payment in full and on time. On major national holidays, the two level finance of the city and county pays the festival fees for the urban and rural residents, the destitute personnel, the social orphans and the senior citizens. The linkage mechanism between social assistance and the protection of standards and price increases has been launched. From April 2019 to now, the price of subsidized masses has been raised by 131 million 13 thousand and 200 yuan, which has benefited 1234449 people.

To cope with the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, from March to June this year, orphans, unaccompanied children and unemployment benefits were included in the scope of linkage mechanism, and the standard of temporary subsidy for monthly price was increased by 1 times. At the same time, the standard of temporary rescue assistance increased from 700 yuan per person to 910 yuan per month. The handicapped, seriously ill, inmates and family members who lost contact with family members were included in the scope of protection, and the living allowance was allocated according to the standard of 900 yuan per month for scattered orphans.

Reporter: this year is the year to win the decisive battle against poverty. We must not only bite off the hard nut, but also deal with the pressure of poverty brought by the epidemic. What do you think are the factors that lead to poverty and poverty reduction?

Yan Keshi: at present, tackling poverty has already reached the stage of the last bastion. We must soberly recognize that we should deal with the pressure of returning to poverty from the unstable families, the poor fringe families and the epidemic or other reasons.

Policy withdrawal may lead to poverty reduction. During the period of tackling poverty, the poor households enjoy preferential policies such as industrial development, employment and entrepreneurship, skills training, medical treatment, education, housing and other related policies. Once the relevant policies are adjusted or withdrawn, some poor households may be brought back to poverty. Take our city of Fuzhou as an example, there are 814 poor labor poor people who enjoy public welfare jobs. If the special policies are abolished, there will be a risk of returning to poverty.

The risk of returning to poverty due to disease still persists. Medical expenses of poor households are large, which may lead to poverty reduction. In addition, the poor households with disabilities, such as orphans and widows, are less able to resist risks, and are obviously affected by the epidemic. 2/3 of the poor households in Fuzhou are poor because of illness and disability. Although the medical insurance coverage has expanded to 31, there are still some diseases that are not in the reimbursement list, and some of the poor households have accounted for 40%-50% of their income.

Poor households lack self-development consciousness. The poor families' knowledge level and educational level are often low, and their ability to learn new knowledge and receive various kinds of information is weak. Some poor families have psychological dependence and have no strong desire to get rid of poverty. They are accustomed to passively waiting for the support of the society and the government. These short boards are also likely to cause poor households to return to poverty.

Reporter: it is equally important to prevent poverty and continue to attack. The bottom line system of social relief is the last line of defense against poverty. What aspects do you think the civil affairs department should help to win the battle against poverty?

Yan Ke Shi: to ensure social security and ensure that the most difficult groups do not leak and one person does not fall out of poverty is the political responsibility of the civil affairs departments at all levels to support the fight against poverty and to win the decisive battle. To consolidate the results of poverty alleviation, we must build a long-term mechanism to prevent poverty and accurately implement the social security policy.

The policy of helping and supporting is relatively stable. After 2020, the poverty alleviation policy should be adjusted properly and gradually changed. It is proposed to set up a policy transition period, make sure that the minimum allowances are gradually receding, pay close attention to price changes, ensure that the living standards of the disadvantaged people will not be lowered due to the rise in prices, properly maintain the continuity of policies, and prevent poor households from returning to poverty due to the adjustment of helping and supporting policies.

Establish a monitoring and early warning mechanism for poverty reduction. We should strengthen the construction of the poverty reduction monitoring and assistance mechanism, carry out dynamic supervision on the poor households who have already been lifted out of poverty and the marginal households whose income is slightly higher than the current poverty alleviation standards. We should use big data management tools to analyze the probability, causes and types of poverty reduction of low-income groups, and issue early warning in time. Organize grass-roots cadres and cadres to regularly track back visits to the poor households, strengthen follow-up support, and form a "closed loop" anti poverty monitoring and assistance mechanism in advance prevention, assistance in the event, and post tracking monitoring.

We should improve the hematopoietic function of poor households. We should continue to give full play to the role of the civil affairs system in helping cadres in villages, transform their thoughts in helping villages to consolidate their achievements in poverty alleviation and prevent them from returning to poverty. We should do everything possible to help poor people solve problems such as hard life and difficult employment. We should actively mobilize social forces such as social organizations and volunteers to implement training in rural practical skills, labor transfer training and entrepreneurship training for leaders in line with local conditions, so as to enhance the self-development ability of low-income groups with skills training.

We should improve the comprehensive guarantee system for urban and rural areas. We should fully implement the model of "basic medical insurance for urban and rural residents plus serious illness insurance + medical assistance + supplementary commercial insurance", and increase medical assistance, special treatment and other protection on the basis of ensuring the proportion of basic medical insurance for the poor population, the proportion of serious illness insurance reimbursement and the national unity. In view of the special groups such as the elderly, the seriously ill and the severely disabled, we should co-ordinate the comprehensive social security policies such as minimum living security, poverty relief, poverty alleviation, temporary assistance, social insurance and social welfare, so as to ensure the protection of the social security and reduce the risk of poverty reduction for the special group.

Reporter: as an old leader in charge of civil work and other people's livelihood, how do you think about improving people's livelihood and solving people's livelihood problems?

Yan Ke Shi: first, the work must be precise. Since the outbreak of the epidemic, we have focused on promoting employment and continuously improved the employment assistance and assistance system for urban and rural poor people. Facts have proved that strengthening support for the needy is the most important thing for us to take the basic living security as the starting point and the foothold. The two is to play the leading role. To solve the problem of social livelihood, on the one hand, we must give full play to the role of the government in order to protect the basic, focus on universal benefit, basic and bottom up. On the other hand, we should also pay attention to guiding and mobilizing all social forces to participate in the development of the livelihood security undertakings. Three, the key points should be highlighted. To do a good job in ensuring the livelihood of the people, we should not only pay attention to the coverage on the surface, but also highlight the key nodes and key groups in the key time. We should implement the classified policies and implement them accurately so as to solve the worries, worries and worries of the masses. In short, regardless of any decision making and implementation of any policy, we should adhere to the people centered development thought, seek more people's livelihood, solve the worries of people's livelihood, do a solid job in ensuring and improving people's livelihood, and build a service-oriented government with satisfactory people in the new era.

Author: Lu Jianying       Editor in chief: Dai Hairong
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